Iowa ‘Personhood’ Bill (SF 417)
This law was last updated on Apr 25, 2016
SF 417 would define “person” in the Iowa criminal code as an “individual living human being without regard to age of development from the moment of conception, when a zygote is formed, until natural death.”
The following would not be considered a crime:
- Medical treatment for life-threatening conditions, which results in the accidental or unintentionally injury of another person;
- Legitimate medical treatment for life-threatening conditions (saving the life of a mother even if it means harming the fetus);
- Creation of a person via in vitro fertilization; and
- Contraception diagnosed before a clinically diagnosable pregnancy.
A crime against a person who has not yet been born would only be charged against the principal actor of the criminal conduct. A principal actor would be someone who commits or aids an offense under the criminal code or causes an act to be done which, if directly performed by the person, would be punishable under the criminal code.