Commentary Abortion

Texas Legislator Drops 20-Week Abortion Ban to Give Other Anti-Choice Measures a Better Shot

Andrea Grimes

The sponsor of Texas' omnibus abortion bill dropped a 20-week abortion ban from his legislation yesterday, but it still has plenty of teeth.

The sponsor of Texas’ omnibus abortion bill dropped a central tenet of the legislation yesterday, in advance of an hours-long debate in the state senate. Glenn Hegar said he wouldn’t pursue a 20-week abortion ban because he’d rather concentrate on anti-choice measures that would be more likely to pass in the handful of days the legislature has left in its special session.

But Hegar’s bill, SB 5, still has plenty of teeth. It would require all abortion-providing doctors to have admitting privileges at a hospital within 30 miles, mandate that all abortion clinics become licensed as ambulatory surgical centers, and demand that doctors prescribe the RU-486 abortion pill regimen solely according to 13-year-old Food and Drug Administration regulations that are now considered potentially toxic in practice, in addition to requiring multiple clinical visits for Texans who are seeking the abortion pill.

madmenhearing2Any one of these measures would have devastating effects on the practice of safe, legal abortion care in Texas, especially on low-income, rural Texans’ access to that care. For affluent and urban Texans, the calendar will stay set on 2013, at least inasmuch as abortion will continue to be legally available to those who can pay for it—and pay to travel to obtain it.

But for those Texans who can’t afford a safe, legal abortion, driving hundreds of miles to a reputable doctor for care, “legality” is hardly the issue. Many who attended Tuesday’s hearing decked out in 1950s and ’60s-era Mad Men-style clothes worry that SB 5 will send Texas back in to a pre-Roe v. Wade era, with women crossing the border into Mexico hoping to get abortion pills, or resorting to back-alley procedures from unlicensed providers.

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madmenhearing1

Because a post-SB 5 Texas would reduce the number of doctors—already only a few—who can and will provide abortions in the state, close all abortion clinics west of San Antonio (nearly half the state) and force rural women to drive hundreds of miles, not once but twice, to take doses of an abortion pill that previously could have been provided at a local clinic or over the phone. Put into place now, the law would close all but five abortion clinics in Texas.

And yet, Hegar claimed repeatedly at Tuesday night’s hearing that his sole concern was “raising the standard of care,” rather than reducing access to safe, legal abortion. When senate Democrats asked him for empirical evidence showing that abortion care provided in ambulatory surgical centers is significantly safer than abortion care provided at licensed abortion clinics, he simply repeated his mantra: “This raises the standard of care.”

In fact, that was practically the only response Hegar gave to most questions. Only he knows whether that’s because he’s truly ignorant to the implications of his bill, or because he’s an Oscar contender in the role of hapless country bumpkin. Why force doctors to prescribe toxic levels of abortion drugs, out of keeping with evidence-based practices? “This raises the standard of care.” Why not increase access to contraception? “This is about the standard of care.” Was Hegar concerned that the American College of Gynecologists has said that SB 5 would endanger the lives and health of women? “This raises the standard of care.”

madmenhearing4But as the hearing wore on, it became clear that the only thing really being raised was Hegar’s opinion of himself, and probably a few campaign dollars from anti-choice groups.

Indeed, state Sen. Wendy Davis (D-Fort Worth) closed her questions on SB 5 with a blistering indictment of Hegar’s motives: “This isn’t about making women safe, is it? It’s about political primaries and making sure the you’re feeding the red meat.”

Davis and her fellow Democrats went on to propose a number of amendments to the bill, aimed at addressing systemic poverty and root causes of unplanned pregnancy through increasing access to contraception and expanding Medicaid, as Republican Lt. Gov. David Dewhurst, who presides over the Texas senate, interjected with basketball scores from the NBA Finals. Those proposals were all tabled—much like Dewhurst’s late meal at a local steakhouse, which he snuck out for while his colleagues were busy pushing Texans back into back alleys.

News Science

‘Bad Medicine’: Anti-Choice Laws Ignore Medical Evidence

Nicole Knight

Nineteen states require providers to give verbal or written statements that are medically inaccurate or biased. Patients must be told fetuses can feel pain, despite the lack of scientific evidence.

Seventy percent of the 353 state-level abortion restrictions introduced so far this year are based on political pretext, false information, or stereotypes, according to an analysis released Thursday.

The advocacy group National Partnership for Women & Families released the analysis as part of its “Turning Lies into Laws” campaign focused on lies about abortion in 2016. The analysis follows on the heels of its report, Bad Medicine: How a Political Agenda is Undermining Women’s Health Care, which lays out the ideological motivations and inaccuracies that the report’s authors say underpin the majority of legislative impediments to abortion care.

Two hundred fifty-one cases of newly introduced abortion care restrictions run contrary to evidence-based medicine, according to the National Partnership’s analysis of data from the Guttmacher Institute.

“Lies about abortion and the women who have them are being turned into laws across the country, and it needs to stop,” Debra L. Ness, president of the National Partnership, said in a statement accompanying the memo. “All women deserve medically accurate information and access to a full range of reproductive health care, including abortion care.”

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The Bad Medicine report, which includes abortion restrictions in place as of 2015, notes how such regulations force health-care providers to deliver outmoded care, ignore patient preferences, and drive up costs for providers and patients without improving patient health.

The report’s authors detail a growing number of medically unnecessary impediments to abortion care, including:

  • Mandated counseling: 19 states require providers to give or offer verbal or written statements that are medically inaccurate, biased, or false. In 12 of those states, patients must be told fetuses can feel pain, despite the lack of scientific evidence. In nine states, the written statements stress the negative emotional effect of abortion, including depression and suicidal thoughts, even though the American Psychological Association has said the “overwhelming majority” of pregnant people feel relief after the procedure, rather than regret.
  • Mandatory ultrasounds: 13 states have passed laws to require ultrasounds before abortion care, and of those, five include a requirement that the providers display and describe the image even if the patient doesn’t wish to see it.
  • State-sanctioned delays: 31 states have passed laws to delay abortion care, typically 24 hours, with Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Dakota, and Utah forcing a patient to wait 72 hours in the off chance that pregnant people might change their mind—a common anti-choice argument.
  • Onerous facility requirements: Nearly half of all states require abortion clinics to be outfitted like ambulatory surgical centers, despite research that indicates abortion procedures often are safer than wisdom teeth removal, which is performed in a dentist’s office.
  • Medication abortion restrictions: 19 states have passed measures to bar providers from administering medication abortion via telemedicine, with six states having “passed laws preventing providers from administering medication abortion in accordance with the standard of care that reflects the most up-to-date evidence.”

Major medical organizations oppose “this trend of political interference in medical decision-making,” according to the report. And courts have moved to block some of these anti-choice measures pushed by Republican-held legislatures across the country.

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The report issues a call for reform, asking lawmakers to reject legislation that interferes with the patient-provider relationship and to repeal laws that ignore medical evidence and science. In addition, the “Turning Lies into Laws” campaign encourages site visitors to take a pledge to fight back against politicians “using lies to push abortion out of reach.”

“The leading medical societies, including the American Medical Association and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, are on the record stating that obstacles to abortion care pose a threat to women’s health,” Sarah Lipton-Lubet, director of reproductive health programs at the National Partnership, said in a statement. “Abortion opponents need to learn that legislating something doesn’t make it true, and that when they lie we’re going to call them out.”

The American College of Physicians has said in its “Statement of Principles on the Role of Governments in Regulating the Patient-Physician Relationship” that “mandated care may also interfere with the patient-physician relationship and divert clinical time from more immediate clinical concerns.”

In February, a Rutgers University study suggested that people considering abortion care are provided with medically inaccurate information about a third of the time in the 23 states with so-called informed consent laws. Researchers found that more than 40 percent of information in booklets produced by Michigan, Kansas, and North Carolina was medically inaccurate.

Alabama, Alaska, and Georgia had the lowest percentages of inaccuracies, each with less than 18 percent.

Editor’s note: This piece has been updated to clarify the data in the National Partnership for Women & Families’ “Turning Lies into Laws” campaign and its Bad Medicine report.

News LGBTQ

Transgender Student Maintains Locker Room Access in Illinois District

Jenn Stanley

Though the school district and the Department of Education reached a settlement, misunderstanding about the agreement led district officials to threaten to rescind it.

Days after a suburban Illinois school district reached a controversial agreement with the federal government about a transgender student’s locker room usage, school officials again heard arguments in a meeting to decide whether to rescind the settlement, ultimately keeping the agreement intact.

The board of Illinois’ Township High School District 211 decided to keep the agreement in place, as enforced by the Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights (OCR), after hours of heated discussion between people who advocated for the transgender student to have access to the locker room of the gender with which she identifies and those who stood against the student’s rights.

Failure to comply with the agreement on a transgender student’s locker room access would result in the district losing $6 million in federal funds. The OCR’s finding that the district had violated Title IX in the case of a transgender student is the first of its kind. 

OCR officials and District 211 last week reached an agreement, but it became clear that there was misunderstanding about the terms of the agreement. The district said that the agreement applied only to Student A, the transgender student who filed the complaint.

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Student A identifies as female. She plays girls’ sports, uses the girls’ bathroom, and is recognized by the school as a girl, except when it comes to the locker room.

She filed a complaint in 2013 because she was forced to use a separate changing area for gym and sports. The school district this fall agreed to let her use the girls’ locker room, but only if she changed in a private changing area. Other girls would have the option of using private changing areas, though it would not be mandated. This was another point of confusion about Friday’s agreement.

District officials said that they interpreted the agreement to mean that Student A must change in the private changing area. The ACLU, which represents Student A and her family, said that though their client wants to change in a private changing area, she is not forced to do so based on the agreement. They maintain that the agreement applies district-wide and not just to Student A.

The measure in the agreement reads:

Based on Student A’s representation that she will change in private changing stations in the girls’ locker rooms, the District agrees to provide Student A access to locker room facilities designated for female students at school and to take steps to protect the privacy of its students by installing and maintaining sufficient privacy curtains (private changing stations) within the girls’ locker rooms to accommodate Student A and any students who wish to be assured of privacy while changing.

On Friday, Catherine E. Lhamon, the Department of Education’s assistant secretary for the Office for Civil Rights, spoke in favor of the ACLU, saying that district officials misspoke by indicating the agreement pertains to one student and that the student’s use of the locker room is contingent only upon her use of a separate changing area.

District Superintendent Daniel Cates released a statement saying that the district was “outraged” that the OCR misrepresented the agreement to the media and the public. The district then threatened to rescind the agreement, and an emergency meeting was held Monday to allow the public to voice their concerns before the school board voted.

Hours before the meeting, Lhamon sent a letter to the district’s lawyers that seemed to uphold the district’s interpretation of the agreement.

The full terms of the resolution of this investigation are set forth in the resolution agreement. As to the specific questions raised in your email, the agreement provisions specific to locker room access apply only to Student A and the District’s agreement to provide Student A access to the locker room is based on the student’s representation that she will change in private changing stations.

The school still heard testimony for two hours before holding a closed meeting to decide whether to keep the agreement in place. The school board announced a few hours later that since receiving the letter from the OCR, they have decided to keep the agreement in place.

“We are disappointed that the OCR made an already very difficult, passionate, and emotional issue very confusing with their apparent misstatements and lack of clarity in describing the agreement,” board president Mucia Burke said at the end of the meeting. “We are gratified, however, to receive the letter today that provides official clarity and removes any confusion surrounding the plan our Board approved early on December 3.”

The ACLU still maintains their view of the agreement, and told Rewire that the truth remains to be seen in the implementation.

“If you go back to November 2 and you look at the findings, they are incredibly powerful,” Ed Yohnka, director of communications and public policy at the ACLU, told Rewire. “Once you say that something is discrimination under Title IX, once you say that acting in this way is not consistent with federal law, it was never conceivable to us that the OCR would do something that would back away from that.”

Yohnka was referring to the OCR’s finding from their investigation of Student A’s claim, which states:

OCR finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the District is in violation of Title IX for excluding Student A from participation in and denying her the benefits of its education program, providing services to her in a different manner, subjecting her to different rules of behavior, and subjecting her to different treatment on the basis of sex.

Many from the district, including the group District 211 Parents for Privacy, oppose any compromise with the federal government, and believe the agreement should be rescinded regardless of its interpretation. The group believes that transgender students should not have any access to their gender-identified locker rooms or bathrooms.

The scene at James B. Conant High School in Hoffman Estates, Illinois, was tense and divided during the emergency meeting held Monday night to discuss the agreement between the OCR and Township School District 211. On one side, a vocal group held white signs that read “No Deal with the OCR” and “Go to Court.” 

That group sometimes booed their opposition, yelling at speakers to step away from the podium.

District 211 resident escorted out of the meeting for speaking out of turn. (Jenn Stanley/Rewire)

District 211 resident escorted out of the meeting for speaking out of turn. (Jenn Stanley/Rewire)

One man was expelled from the meeting when he yelled out of turn about how people from outside the district were not representative of the majority of District 211 families. As he was escorted out of the building by law enforcement, people standing on the sides of the packed auditorium wearing “Protect All Students” stickers cheered and clapped for him.

For the rest of the meeting, when someone spoke up in support of the agreement and Student A, shouts came from the back of the auditorium calling, “What district are you from?” and, “Sit down, these aren’t your children.”

Forty-two of the 150 people who drew numbers to speak were heard in the two hours allotted for open discourse. Many of the 600 people who attended the meeting were from outside the school district, there to show support for Student A. One of those supporters was Desiree Galeski, a transgender student at the University of Illinois at Chicago, who was the sixth speaker of the night.

Galeski, an athlete, urged the school board not to misgender Student A.

A group of women wearing “Protect ALL Students” stickers laughed when Galeski said that she thought some day sports wouldn’t be gendered. Many who were there to oppose any agreement with the OCR were vocal about the fact that they believed outside voices and the media were portraying them as bullies.

Some teenage girls from the high school spoke publicly about how they would feel uncomfortable changing in the same dressing room as Student A, and said that they spoke for many students who were afraid to speak up for fear of being labeled as discriminatory. Many of those from outside the district expressed the importance of their presence to show support for Student A, who has not spoken publicly in an attempt to protect her privacy.

“I’m here because she deserves so much more,” Galeski told Rewire.

Some people on both sides of the aisle expressed disappointment with how the district has handled the situation, and the fact that the case has thrust the school into the national spotlight. Many of the speakers, however, welcomed outside voices and advocacy groups, because any decision regarding the matter is nationally significant.

While the nation looks on as the district debates and protests, some pointed out that at the heart of the issue is a teenager who wants to be treated like everyone else.

“I talked last night to the student and she said that this is the kind of thing that brings out the best and the worst in people,” Yohnka told Rewire. “She never wanted this. The district went public, not us, not the family. They wanted to resolve it privately and they just weren’t given that opportunity without going through all this. All they can do now is hope that we can come to a resolution that is good for everyone.”

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