News Abortion

New Ad Campaign Features Three-Star General and Veterans Against a Military Ban on Abortion Coverage

ACLU

The ACLU, in conjunction with a group of retired military leaders and veterans, launched a new ad campaign today targeting the Department of Defense’s ban on servicewomen using their insurance to pay for abortion services if they become pregnant as the result of rape or incest.

This article was written in conjunction with Stand With Servicewomen, a coalition of retired and former veterans seeking to reverse the current ban on abortion coverage for servicewomen and dependents who are the victims of rape or incest.

WASHINGTON –  The ACLU, in conjunction with a group of retired military leaders and veterans, has launched a new ad campaign targeting the Department of Defense’s ban on servicewomen using their insurance to pay for abortion services if they become pregnant as the result of rape or incest. The ads were released as part of a coalition effort, Stand With Servicewomen, designed to raise awareness of, and ultimately end, this unfair policy.

One ad features three female veterans – Dottie Guy, Kayla Williams and Shannon Clark, who have recently returned from war zones in Iraq and Afghanistan. In the ad they speak passionately on behalf of women currently serving in the military. Seated in front of a bank of American flags, each shares a part of the following:

“As a soldier in Iraq, I put my life on the line to protect and defend my country. I fought for the freedom and justice our country stands for. Yet, I’m denied proper reproductive health care benefits; denied abortion care even if I’m the victim of rape. I expected the horror of war in Iraq – but I expected better from my own government.”

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In another ad, , Lt. Gen. Robert Gard, a three-star general and 31-year Army veteran, also speaks out against the abortion coverage ban in cases of rape.

“Over 250,000 women have served our country with honor and courage in Iraq and Afghanistan.  Yet, our servicewomen are denied coverage for abortion… even if they’re raped. We have an obligation to provide military women with the care their service to our country demands. Women in the military deserve better care. Period.”

Stand With Servicewomen is working to reverse the abortion coverage ban by supporting the Shaheen Amendment. In a press conference scheduled for later this morning, Sen. Jeanne Shaheen, (D-N.H.) will discuss her amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), which would repeal the ban on abortion care coverage for servicewomen who have been raped. The amendment was adopted by the Senate Armed Services Committee in a bipartisan vote on May 24.

The ads are scheduled to run in rotation throughout June in the greater Washington D.C. area. They can be viewed at www.standwithservicewomen.org, along with videos, blogs and news featuring former and retired military leaders.

Roundups Politics

Campaign Week in Review: Clinton Rakes in Endorsements as Huckabee Lashes Out Against His Base

Ally Boguhn

This week on the campaign trail, Hillary Clinton wins key endorsements, Mike Huckabee lashes out, and Marco Rubio criticizes Obama's funding of Planned Parenthood.

The presidential candidates started off the new year this week with a renewed focus on reproductive rights: Hillary Clinton won key endorsements from advocacy groups Planned Parenthood and NARAL Pro-Choice America, former Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee lamented that his anti-choice stance was too extreme for evangelicals, and Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL) criticized President Obama’s support of women’s health in a new campaign ad.

Hillary Clinton Wins Key Endorsements from Reproductive Rights Advocacy Organizations

Hillary Clinton received endorsements from both Planned Parenthood and NARAL Pro-Choice America this week.

Planned Parenthood Action Fund, the group’s political arm, announced its endorsement of Clinton Thursday, making the former Secretary of State the first candidate to ever receive an official endorsement from the organization during the primary season.

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Clinton will formally accept Planned Parenthood’s endorsement during a rally Sunday in Manchester, New Hampshire, which will kick off the group’s electoral season.

The group’s endorsement could prove critical, as it has already gathered more than $20 million to spend on both the presidential and Senate races for the 2016 election cycle. It plans to use that money to influence races in key states such as New Hampshire, Wisconsin, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Nevada.

“Let’s be clear—reproductive rights and health are on the ballot in 2016. It is unthinkable that our daughters and granddaughters would have fewer rights than my generation did, yet every single GOP candidate for president wants to erase decades of progress for women—pledging to cut access to Planned Parenthood, ban safe, legal abortion, and block health insurance coverage for birth control,” said Planned Parenthood President Cecile Richards in a statement announcing the group’s endorsement.

“We’re proud to endorse Hillary Clinton for President of the United States,” Richards added. “No other candidate in our nation’s history has demonstrated such a strong commitment to women or such a clear record on behalf of women’s health and rights.”

Planned Parenthood’s announcement came just days after NARAL Pro-Choice America made its own show of support of Clinton.

In a statement on the decision, NARAL president Ilyse Hogue cited the group’s confidence that Clinton “has what it it takes” to combat the onslaught of attacks on reproductive rights taking place across the country.

“Decisions made in the next several years will determine how women and families fare in the United States for decades to come. We need not just a worthy ally, but a champion with a demonstrated record of fighting for reproductive freedom and economic justice,” Hogue said. “Hillary Clinton is that champion.”

Mike Huckabee Lashes Out at Religious Right for Supporting Other Candidates, Claims They’re “Scared to Death” He’d Get Elected

Republican presidential candidate and former Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee lashed out at evangelical leaders during an interview with Todd Starnes, accusing them of not wanting to stop abortion and same-sex marriage in order to continue to fundraise off the issues.

Speaking with Starnes on his Fox News Radio podcast, Huckabee lamented that many evangelical leaders had chosen to back other Republican candidates, such as Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX), instead of him.

“A lot of them, quite frankly, I think they’re scared to death that if a guy like me got elected, I would actually do what I said I would do,” said Huckabee of the religious leaders’ snub, adding that he would implement fetal “personhood” policies across the country, utilize the Fifth and 14th Amendments to outlaw abortion, and ignore the Supreme Court’s marriage equality ruling.

“A lot of these organizations wouldn’t have the ability to do urgent fundraising because if we slay the dragon, what dragon do they continue to fight? And so, for many of them, it could be a real detriment to their organization’s abilities to gin up their supporters and raise the contributions,” concluded the presidential hopeful.

But that wasn’t Huckabee’s only attempt to push his support of a dangerous personhood agenda, which could ban abortion and many forms of birth control, this week.

On Tuesday, Huckabee exploited the announcement of President Obama’s planned executive actions on gun control in order to once again push his anti-choice platform into the conversation.

“You say if we can save one life we should. Well, apply 5th & 14th amendments to the unborn & save 4,000 lives a day. #ProLife,” Huckabee tweeted at the president.

Marco Rubio: Obama Fought to Fund Planned Parenthood Instead of Our Troops

Marco Rubio attacked President Obama for fighting to protect Planned Parenthood in a campaign ad released this week, claiming that the president had neglected to fund the military in favor of supporting the reproductive health-care provider.

“Instead of fighting to fund our troops, he fights to fund Planned Parenthood,” Rubio claimed in a 30-second ad titled “Safe,” scheduled to air in key early voting states.

Asserting that Obama has prioritized reproductive health and climate change instead of terrorism, Rubio promised to be a “real commander in chief” should he be elected.

“Marco Rubio’s American dream is a woman’s worst nightmare,” Vice President of Planned Parenthood Action Fund Dawn Laguens said in a statement responding to the ad.

“If he had his way, women wouldn’t be able to access safe, legal abortion—even in cases of rape and incest—insurance coverage for birth control under the ACA would be eliminated; and millions would lose access to basic reproductive health care at Planned Parenthood,” Laguens continued, referencing Rubio’s blanket opposition to abortion.   

Although Rubio has previously supported abortion restrictions that did include some exceptions for cases of rape and incest, the Republican senator has faced criticismeven from those within his own party—for repeatedly voicing that he no longer supports such exceptions.

Commentary Abortion

Navigating the Military System to Get an Abortion: Olivia Pope Can’t Fix This Scandal

Renee Bracey Sherman

A recent Scandal episode highlighted a few barriers when attempting to seek an abortion while deployed, but what’s a service member to do when she doesn’t have Olivia Pope’s help navigating the system?

This piece is published in collaboration with Echoing Ida, a Forward Together project.

This season’s Scandal episodes have tackled some of today’s most pressing social issues, including the Black Lives Matter movement, gun control, and feminism. Recently, sexual assault and abortion have taken center stage. In the episode titled “A Few Good Women,” Vice President Susan Ross travels to the USS Montana for a photo op with enlistees and notices that a young woman, Ensign Amy Martin, has bruises on her wrists. Privately, the vice president questions Ensign Martin about her injuries and it is revealed that a high-ranking admiral, and friend of the president, raped her. When the president tells Vice President Ross not to intervene in the military jurisdiction, she turns to everyone’s favorite fixer, Olivia Pope, to ensure Ensign Martin receives justice.

While Olivia Pope and her team fight to prove that the rape occurred, Ensign Martin realizes that she became pregnant and wants to seek an abortion immediately. “I have to get off the ship. I need you to get me an abortion,” Ensign Martin says to Pope. Their conversation is cut short by an officer who charges Ensign Martin with “conduct unbecoming,” which restricts her ability to leave the ship. With the creativity of her team, Olivia Pope cites an ill relative to free Ensign Martin from the ship so that she can seek abortion care. The most powerful image in the episode is when Pope stands tall holding Ensign Martin’s hand during Martin’s abortion.

The episode highlights a few barriers when attempting to seek an abortion, but what’s a service member to do when she doesn’t have Olivia Pope’s help navigating the system?

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Currently, about 14 percent of the U.S. military on active duty are women and 97 percent are of reproductive age. (It is estimated that about 15,000 military personnel identify as transgender or gender nonconforming, but due to regulations and lack of inclusion under “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell,” they are still unable to serve openly. Therefore research statistics do not include trans or gender nonconforming service members seeking abortion care for any number of reasons.) Due to the persistent rape culture within the military ranks, an estimated 20 to 43 percent of women experience “rape or attempted rape” during their military careers. Even more startling, the Department of Defense believes that over 85 percent of rapes are not reported due to fear of retaliation. According to the Department of Defense, over 60 percent of survivors who reported their rapes experienced some form of retaliation—exactly the storyline of that recent Scandal episode.

Whether or not a service member reports their rape, they may face a myriad of psychological and physical health effects, including unintended pregnancy. Acknowledging the serious sexual assault risks to service members, Congress passed the Shaheen Amendment in 2013 allowing TRICARE funds to be used for abortion care, though only in the cases of rape, incest, and health. Prior to the amendment, service members and their dependents could only use their TRICARE health insurance for abortions in the case of life endangerment. This bipartisan bill sought to bring the military policy in line with the overall federal policy governed by the discriminatory Hyde Amendment, which bans federal funds from being used for abortion unless under specific circumstances such as rape. While the Shaheen Amendment is a win for service members who have been raped and want an abortion, it doesn’t clear access for people in the military who become pregnant from having consensual sex and seek an abortion—a majority of whom do not want to have children at that moment and desire to finish their military career. Why are we as a nation asking service members to honor their country through military duty, yet systematically denying them abortion access and the very rights for which they are fighting?

As research shows, pregnancy while serving in the military is common, particularly among less privileged service members. In a recent study, Dr. Daniel Grossman, vice president for research at Ibis Reproductive Health, found that servicewomen experience unintended pregnancy at higher rates than the national average—54 percent as compared to 49 percent. Mirroring national statistics, women of color, personnel who are enlisted at a lower pay grade, younger members, and those without a college degree tend to experience higher rates of unintended pregnancies. A majority of respondents cited lack of access to contraception and sexual health education as a barrier to preventing pregnancy. They also cited challenges in obtaining refills for birth control or in visiting a provider while deployed. Additionally, many said they were confused by the laws as to whether or not they could seek birth control.

Similarly, in a 2011 study, Dr. Grossman looked at the experiences of service members seeking abortion while serving abroad. Similar to the civilian population, 56 percent already had one or more children and 78 percent said it was not a good time for them to have a child. About half said their unintended pregnancy was a failure of their contraceptive method, and many cited lack of access to contraception, emergency contraception, and gynecological care as major barriers. For its part, the House of Representatives passed a new policy stating that military clinics and hospitals must dispense all FDA-approved forms of contraception and give service members a “sufficient supply” of their birth control method as part of the annual defense policy bill last Friday.

“Deployed women face additional barriers, since they may be on a ship at sea or in countries where abortion is legally restricted and/or where security issues make travel off-base to obtain care very difficult,” Dr. Grossman told Rewire.

“Other barriers are related to lack of geographic proximity to providers, since many bases are located in more remote areas, and active-duty service members can only travel so far depending on how long their leave is for,” Dr. Grossman explained. If a service member becomes pregnant and wants an abortion, they must notify their chain of command to request leave and, if the pregnancy was not the result of rape or a danger to their health, cover the entire cost of the abortion and the evacuation from their deployment, which can amount to more than $10,000 per person. “It would take too much time for me to be sent back to the States and processed for me to meet the 9-week requirement for [a medication abortion],” explained one woman stationed in Iraq. If a pregnant person is deployed in an active war zone, it can take weeks to coordinate the evacuation, which increases the cost of the abortion and limits their clinic options, since not all providers offer later abortion care.

Even for those who do have the financial means to pay for their abortion out of pocket, the country in which they are stationed may prohibit abortion except in cases of life endangerment. It is very common for the Department of Defense to follow the laws of a host country, forcing service members to travel for legal abortion care, seek illegal care, or self-induce. In Dr. Grossman’s 2011 study, 68 percent of the women seeking abortions were deployed in countries where the health procedure is banned.

Further, notifying the chain of command infringes on their privacy around their decision, can get them in trouble for having sexual relationships while serving, and can put them in additional danger for retaliation if the pregnancy was a result of rape. Dr. Grossman said there’s a “lack of confidentiality if they say they’re pregnant and ask for leave for an abortion.”

For others, abortion stigma and fear of losing their job force them to seek an abortion outside of the military. “If the Army finds out that I am pregnant they will kick me out of the Army. The salary I earn supports my mother and two sisters at home. I cannot afford [for] this to happen. Please, please help me,” wrote one woman stationed in Iraq, whose consultation data was included in Grossman’s study.

Abortion stigma also results in limited access to abortion care in military treatment facilities. Due to lack of training in abortion care in military medical schools, few abortion providers, and refusal to provide abortions by military medical staff, access is low. According to the Department of Defense, an average of 3.79 abortions were performed on military facilities each year for the past 15 years. A woman stationed in Iraq said, “the Army makes it impossible to keep my pregnancy confidential and not everyone is open-minded about abortions.”