Coca Cola Trumps Condoms—How Can We Help?

aminatt

Over the last six months, as an intern at Pathfinder International, I’ve learned a lot about the field of reproductive health. One of the most shocking aspects has been just how many women lack access to contraception (200 million to be exact).

Over the last six months, as an intern at Pathfinder International, I’ve learned a lot about the field of reproductive health. One of the most shocking aspects has been just how many women lack access to contraception (200 million to be exact).

This issue was brought to life recently by a new video called Empty Handed: Responding to the Demand for Contraceptives. Produced by Population Action International and filmed in Uganda, it tells the story of the millions of women around the world who want, but lack access to contraceptives.

**Learn more about the contraceptive shortage in Uganda

Chronicling the delivery process of contraceptives to health clinics, the film intends to expose some of its short comings that cause the delays that result in supply shortages. Some people, like Dr. Moses Muwonge, the former Ministry of Healthy Supplies Coordinator, believe that these delays happen because the government does not view the delivery of contraceptives as a priority.

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“In one day, Coca Cola can transport the Coca Cola products and people drink in the villages. Why don’t we reach in one day for a woman to access contraceptives?” Dr. Muwonge says in the film.

His quote reminded me of a story one of my colleagues shared about her recent Pathfinder trip to Tanzania. She told us how during her excursion to a particularly rural area, Shinyanga, there seemed to be an endless stream of Coca Cola delivery trucks passing them on the bumpy dirt road. While everyone can get a bottle of soda relatively easily, getting health care, let alone contraceptives, is a major challenge.

**Read Jaime-Alexis Fowler’s full story

The problems portrayed in Empty Handed are not exclusive to Uganda or even to Africa. Contraception shortages occur around the world and can be caused not only by the absence of government involvement but also by inadequate funding and a lack of information.

Empty Handed includes a call to action stating that “everyone has a role to play in improving access to reproductive health supplies.” Population Action International then provides a list of ways that everyone from private foundations, to the government, to the general public can make a difference in these women’s lives and end the contraceptive supply shortage.

After watching this film I am more motivated than ever to do what I can to ensure women have access to contraceptives—and glad that my last six months at Pathfinder have contributed to that, even if it was only in the smallest way. No one should have to suffer like these women do. No one should be denied the ability to control their own life.

To learn more about what you can do to help, visit: www.empty-handed.org or www.pathfind.org.

Politics

An International Perspective on Current Budget Debates about RH

Jane Roberts

This is pretty dry stuff. Wade through it please!

In the huge debate about access to reproductive health including to safe legal abortion in the U.S., little attention has been paid to the international scene and to the budget fight here for the reproductive health of the women of the world.

In the recent budget negotiations the U.S. contribution to the United Nations Population Fund was reduced to $40 million from the 2010 allocation of $55 million. The House of Representatives had approved a ban on all funding to UNFPA. (34 Million Friends would welcome new friends www.34millionfriends.org. )

USAID’s budget for reproductive health and family planning was reduced to $575 million from the $648 million that had been appropriated. The Global Gag Rule was not reinstated. Was this a victory or defeat? Both. The U.S. still joins the world community in supporting UNFPA. USAID and American reproductive health NGOs like Engenderhealth and Pathfinder will still be able to work with international NGOs like Marie Stopes and the International Planned Parenthood Federation who do practice abortion where it is legal. But a loss of $15 million to UNFPA and of $73 million to USAID will make a difference in the reproductive health and well-being of countless women. And this is at a time when the whole world is coalescing behind the education, health and human rights of the world’s women and girls. What irony!

UNFPA which works at the very core of Millennium Development Goal 5 (Improve Maternal Health) states that it welcomes the $40 million from the U.S. government and will work to ensure that there be minimal fluctuations in its programs.

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All Americans should be come acquainted with the Millennium Development Goals. To me, MDG 5 is central to the achievement of all the goals. Please see www.un.org/millenniumgoals . They are a blueprint for any acceptable future for people and the planet.

And here is MDG 5:

Target 5.A: Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio

  • Most maternal deaths could be avoided
  • Giving birth is especially risky in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where most women deliver without skilled care
  • The rural-urban gap in skilled care during childbirth has narrowed

Target 5.B:Achieve universal access to reproductive health

  • More women are receiving antenatal care
  • Inequalities in care during pregnancy are striking
  • Only one in three rural women in developing regions receive the recommended care during pregnancy
  • Progress has stalled in reducing the number of teenage pregnancies, putting more young mothers at risk
  • Poverty and lack of education perpetuate high adolescent birth rates
  • Progress in expanding the use of contraceptives by women has slowed
  • Use of contraception is lowest among the poorest women and those with no education
  • Inadequate funding for family planning is a major failure in fulfilling commitments to improving women’s reproductive health

The last bullet point in Target 5 B about family planning should be front and center. It used to say at www.un.org/millenniumgoals: “An unmet need for family planning undermines the achievement of several other goals.” I’d say ALL THE GOALS. Why did they take that sentence out? I do urge you to watch www.empty-handed.org , an 80 second video by Population Action International about the effects of a shortage of family planning commodities on the lives of real women.

This email dated April 15, 2011 sent out by Population Action International to its supporters contains a good summary of where we stand.

Thank you for standing with women and sending letters to the President and Senate Majority Leader Reid supporting international family planning.  Your activism helped stave off the severe funding cuts and damaging policy restrictions proposed by the House.  As a result ,women in developing countries will have better access to the contraceptives they need to plan their families.

Later today the President will sign the spending bill that will fund the federal government for the remainder of fiscal 2011.  The bill contains $615 million for international family planning programs–a disappointing and disproportionate cut from current funding, but only a fraction of the more than $200 million reduction initially proposed by the House.  Forunately, the bill does not impose any of the damaging policy restrictions, such as the Global Gag Rule or a cut-off of the U.S. contribution to the UN Population Fund, sought by House Republicans.

Please say tuned for further developments as Congress now turns its attention to the fiscal 2012 budget and appropriations process.

Note from Jane Roberts: There is a discrepancy between the $615 million quoted here and the $575 million quoted earlier which I am unable to explain. I consider both sources reliable. Also the debates about the 2012 budget concerning overseas development assistance and about reproductive health in particular are going to be brutal.  

In 2010 the United Nations adopted the Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health. http://www.un.org/sg/globalstrategy.shtmlThere is also a global push for more accountability in this area.

Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin is the recently inaugurated Executive Director of UNFPA. “We need to keep pushing to make universal access to reproductive health a reality. Investing in the health and rights of women and young people is not an expenditure; it is an investment in our future.”

Amen to that!