Roundup: Public Option is Alive, National Sex-Ed Week of Action, Is Yaz Safe?

Amie Newman

Health care reform needs to result in affordable health insurance options, the death of the public option is highly exaggerated, teens acknowledge the National Sex-Ed Week of Action and the birth control pill known as Yaz is being criticized for its safety.

The Trains Keep On Rollin’ On Health Care Reform…

The Wonk Room reports that, 

The White House is considering improving the affordability of health care reform
by “exempting more families and individuals on the basis of income from
the penalty for failing to buy insurance, a fine that for families
could run as high as $1,900.”

Senators are debating just how best to ensure affordability for all Americans – most obviously, subsidies – while keeping in mind President Obama’s statement that he would not accept a health care bill that would cost more than $900 billion over ten years. According to the New York Times, "subsidies are already the biggest-ticket item."

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While The Media Consortium’s Lindsay Beyerstein writes that "reports of the death of the public option are greatly exaggerated" as the Senate Finance Committee is scheduled to debate the public option tomorrow. Beyerstein notes that,

According to Steve Benen of the Washington Monthly, liberals are
once again optimistic
that health care reform will include a publicly-run insurance option to compete with private insurance companies. The main excuse to drop the public option was that Republicans wouldn’t go for it. As Benen explains, now that a bipartisan bill is out of reach, Democrats can move further to the left.

National Sex-Ed Week of Action!

This week is national sex-ed week of action. Check out the twitter hashtag #sexed for updates from various organizations including Planned Parenthood of Kansas and Mid-Missouri.

And for an added bonus, read this excellent op-ed in the Atlanta Journal-Constition from a teen on the importance of sexual health education for young people. As a teen educator, she writes, 

I see firsthand how responsive teens are to complete and accurate
information. Young people are thirsty for knowledge and recognize how
important this information is to their lives.

I have seen how well teens respond to messages from other teens, often even better than they do with adult educators.

Yaz We Can’t?

The Daily Women’s Health Policy Report covers concerns, reported on in The New York Times this weekend, by "researchers, health advocates and lawyers for plaintiffs who have filed lawsuits against its manufacturer Bayer Healthcare" that Yaz, the popular oral contraceptive, may not be safe. The report notes that,

According to Bayer, the company has been served with 74 lawsuits
brought by women who say they developed health problems after taking
Yasmin or Yaz. 

More News From Around the Web

NYTimes: Health Care Reform Is a Women’s Issue
AP: NY adoption lawyer accused of ripoffs
Creative Minority Report: The Hypocrisy of Personhood
AZ Star Net: New AZ abortion law goes quickly to courts
Philippine Daily Inquirer: Noynoy and the dignity of life
LA Times: A new push to define ‘person,’ and to outlaw abortion in the process
Catholic Online: Contraception: At Odds with Truth

SEPTEMBER 27 Global Health: Working To Decrease Child Mortality in the Philippines
Human Rights: Yaz Birth Control Controversy: Pharmaceutical Profits, Unnecessary Risks, and the Gendered Distribution of Family Planning
MN Daily: Two UW newspapers reject pro-life ad insert
Today’s THV: Group Erects Hundreds of Crosses To Protest Abortion
Springfield News Sun: Groups call for more sex ed, insurance for birth control
Catholic News Agency: Watchdog group ‘pleased’ with defunding of grantees who violate Catholic teaching
Knox News: If you’re pro-choice, prevent pregnancy
My SA: State has poor grade in sex ed
UPI: Spanish cabinet eases abortion law
Mansfield News Journal: Opinion Shapers: Why abortion is needed, and why Ohio clinic violence must stop Health care debate to turn this week to abortion issue
EChurch: Contrasting
media news coverage of a murdered abortion doctor (George Tiller) and a
murdered anti-abortion activist (Jim Pouillon) reveals much about media

Arizona Republic: New laws go into effect Wednesday Some Texas districts change tune on abstinence-only sex ed
Feministing: The Feministing Five: Kate Marsh
Minneapolis Star Tribune: Chinese parents: ‘Our children were exported’
Capital News: Govt encourages use of its contraceptives

HuffPo: Birth
Control Health Hazards: Popular Contraceptives Put Women At Higher Risk
For Blood Clots, Strokes, Other Health Problems, Researches Say

Alliance Alert: Gary Bauer: Planned Parenthood Abortion Business Needs ACORN Treatment, DeFund It
Catholic News Agency: Bishop Aquila prays at North Dakota abortion clinic as 40 Days for Life continues
OneNewsNow: Fear grows among pro-life activists
Ireland Online: Survey: 55% don’t use contraception for first-time sex
The Nation: Thai youths rank poorly on contraceptive use

LifeNews: Pro-Life News: PVS State, Arizona, Virginia, Illinois, Malta, UN, Planned Parenthood
Billings Gazette: Personhood law’s petitioning starts
Yuma Sun: Officials argue against new abortion law
LifeNews: Virginia Abortion Advocates Attack Choose Life License Plates, Pregnancy Centers
NC Register: Another Pro-Abortion Catholic Massachusetts Senator?
NYTImes: Health Concerns Over Popular Contraceptives
LifeSiteNews: ACORN Sues Young Pro-Life Investigators $1M Each for Sting Operation
American Enterprise Institute: Should Religious Leaders Trust President Obama’s Assurance on Abortion and Healthcare Reform?
Feministing: For some, pro-life also means anti-contraception
Christian NewsWire: FRC to Release First-Ever In-Depth Report on Pregnancy Center Movement
Catholic Online: Partial Victory in Rockford through Pro-Life Solidarity!
Kenyan Nation: Kenya urged to increase contraceptive supplies
Seattle Times: City Council candidates clash over abortion rights
Reuters: Gay couples as fit to adopt as heterosexuals: study
LifeNews: 40 Days for Life Event Results in California Abortion Center Employee Quitting
AZ Daily Sun: Abortion restrictions deserve challenges


News Politics

Clinton Campaign Announces Tim Kaine as Pick for Vice President

Ally Boguhn

The prospect of Kaine’s selection has been criticized by some progressives due to his stances on issues including abortion as well as bank and trade regulation.

The Clinton campaign announced Friday that Sen. Tim Kaine (R-VA) has been selected to join Hillary Clinton’s ticket as her vice presidential candidate.

“I’m thrilled to announce my running mate, @TimKaine, a man who’s devoted his life to fighting for others,” said Clinton in a tweet.

“.@TimKaine is a relentless optimist who believes no problem is unsolvable if you put in the work to solve it,” she added.

The prospect of Kaine’s selection has been criticized by some progressives due to his stances on issues including abortion as well as bank and trade regulation.

Kaine signed two letters this week calling for the regulations on banks to be eased, according to a Wednesday report published by the Huffington Post, thereby ”setting himself up as a figure willing to do battle with the progressive wing of the party.”

Charles Chamberlain, executive director of the progressive political action committee Democracy for America, told the New York Times that Kaine’s selection “could be disastrous for our efforts to defeat Donald Trump in the fall” given the senator’s apparent support of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). Just before Clinton’s campaign made the official announcement that Kaine had been selected, the senator praised the TPP during an interview with the Intercept, though he signaled he had ultimately not decided how he would vote on the matter.

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Kaine’s record on reproductive rights has also generated controversy as news began to circulate that he was being considered to join Clinton’s ticket. Though Kaine recently argued in favor of providing Planned Parenthood with access to funding to fight the Zika virus and signed on as a co-sponsor of the Women’s Health Protection Act—which would prohibit states and the federal government from enacting restrictions on abortion that aren’t applied to comparable medical services—he has also been vocal about his personal opposition to abortion.

In a June interview on NBC’s Meet the Press, Kaine told host Chuck Todd he was “personally” opposed to abortion. He went on, however, to affirm that he still believed “not just as a matter of politics, but even as a matter of morality, that matters about reproduction and intimacy and relationships and contraception are in the personal realm. They’re moral decisions for individuals to make for themselves. And the last thing we need is government intruding into those personal decisions.”

As Rewire has previously reported, though Kaine may have a 100 percent rating for his time in the Senate from Planned Parenthood Action Fund, the campaign website for his 2005 run for governor of Virginia promised he would “work in good faith to reduce abortions” by enforcing Virginia’s “restrictions on abortion and passing an enforceable ban on partial birth abortion that protects the life and health of the mother.”

As governor, Kaine did support some existing restrictions on abortion, including Virginia’s parental consent law and a so-called informed consent law. He also signed a 2009 measure that created “Choose Life” license plates in the state, and gave a percentage of the proceeds to a crisis pregnancy network.

Regardless of Clinton’s vice president pick, the “center of gravity in the Democratic Party has shifted in a bold, populist, progressive direction,” said Stephanie Taylor, co-founder of the Progressive Change Campaign Committee, in an emailed statement. “It’s now more important than ever that Hillary Clinton run an aggressive campaign on core economic ideas like expanding Social Security, debt-free college, Wall Street reform, and yes, stopping the TPP. It’s the best way to unite the Democratic Party, and stop Republicans from winning over swing voters on bread-and-butter issues.”

Roundups Sexual Health

This Week in Sex: The Sexually Transmitted Infections Edition

Martha Kempner

A new Zika case suggests the virus can be transmitted from an infected woman to a male partner. And, in other news, HPV-related cancers are on the rise, and an experimental chlamydia vaccine shows signs of promise.

This Week in Sex is a weekly summary of news and research related to sexual behavior, sexuality education, contraception, STIs, and more.

Zika May Have Been Sexually Transmitted From a Woman to Her Male Partner

A new case suggests that males may be infected with the Zika virus through unprotected sex with female partners. Researchers have known for a while that men can infect their partners through penetrative sexual intercourse, but this is the first suspected case of sexual transmission from a woman.

The case involves a New York City woman who is in her early 20s and traveled to a country with high rates of the mosquito-borne virus (her name and the specific country where she traveled have not been released). The woman, who experienced stomach cramps and a headache while waiting for her flight back to New York, reported one act of sexual intercourse without a condom the day she returned from her trip. The following day, her symptoms became worse and included fever, fatigue, a rash, and tingling in her hands and feet. Two days later, she visited her primary-care provider and tests confirmed she had the Zika virus.

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A few days after that (seven days after intercourse), her male partner, also in his 20s, began feeling similar symptoms. He had a rash, a fever, and also conjunctivitis (pink eye). He, too, was diagnosed with Zika. After meeting with him, public health officials in the New York City confirmed that he had not traveled out of the country nor had he been recently bit by a mosquito. This leaves sexual transmission from his partner as the most likely cause of his infection, though further tests are being done.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)’s recommendations for preventing Zika have been based on the assumption that virus was spread from a male to a receptive partner. Therefore the recommendations had been that pregnant women whose male partners had traveled or lived in a place where Zika virus is spreading use condoms or abstain from sex during the pregnancy. For those couples for whom pregnancy is not an issue, the CDC recommended that men who had traveled to countries with Zika outbreaks and had symptoms of the virus, use condoms or abstain from sex for six months after their trip. It also suggested that men who traveled but don’t have symptoms use condoms for at least eight weeks.

Based on this case—the first to suggest female-to-male transmission—the CDC may extend these recommendations to couples in which a female traveled to a country with an outbreak.

More Signs of Gonorrhea’s Growing Antibiotic Resistance

Last week, the CDC released new data on gonorrhea and warned once again that the bacteria that causes this common sexually transmitted infection (STI) is becoming resistant to the antibiotics used to treat it.

There are about 350,000 cases of gonorrhea reported each year, but it is estimated that 800,000 cases really occur with many going undiagnosed and untreated. Once easily treatable with antibiotics, the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae has steadily gained resistance to whole classes of antibiotics over the decades. By the 1980s, penicillin no longer worked to treat it, and in 2007 the CDC stopped recommending the use of fluoroquinolones. Now, cephalosporins are the only class of drugs that work. The recommended treatment involves a combination of ceftriaxone (an injectable cephalosporin) and azithromycin (an oral antibiotic).

Unfortunately, the data released last week—which comes from analysis of more than 5,000 samples of gonorrhea (called isolates) collected from STI clinics across the country—shows that the bacteria is developing resistance to these drugs as well. In fact, the percentage of gonorrhea isolates with decreased susceptibility to azithromycin increased more than 300 percent between 2013 and 2014 (from 0.6 percent to 2.5 percent).

Though no cases of treatment failure has been reported in the United States, this is a troubling sign of what may be coming. Dr. Gail Bolan, director of CDC’s Division of STD Prevention, said in a press release: “It is unclear how long the combination therapy of azithromycin and ceftriaxone will be effective if the increases in resistance persists. We need to push forward on multiple fronts to ensure we can continue offering successful treatment to those who need it.”

HPV-Related Cancers Up Despite Vaccine 

The CDC also released new data this month showing an increase in HPV-associated cancers between 2008 and 2012 compared with the previous five-year period. HPV or human papillomavirus is an extremely common sexually transmitted infection. In fact, HPV is so common that the CDC believes most sexually active adults will get it at some point in their lives. Many cases of HPV clear spontaneously with no medical intervention, but certain types of the virus cause cancer of the cervix, vulva, penis, anus, mouth, and neck.

The CDC’s new data suggests that an average of 38,793 HPV-associated cancers were diagnosed each year between 2008 and 2012. This is a 17 percent increase from about 33,000 each year between 2004 and 2008. This is a particularly unfortunate trend given that the newest available vaccine—Gardasil 9—can prevent the types of HPV most often linked to cancer. In fact, researchers estimated that the majority of cancers found in the recent data (about 28,000 each year) were caused by types of the virus that could be prevented by the vaccine.

Unfortunately, as Rewire has reported, the vaccine is often mired in controversy and far fewer young people have received it than get most other recommended vaccines. In 2014, only 40 percent of girls and 22 percent of boys ages 13 to 17 had received all three recommended doses of the vaccine. In comparison, nearly 80 percent of young people in this age group had received the vaccine that protects against meningitis.

In response to the newest data, Dr. Electra Paskett, co-director of the Cancer Control Research Program at the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, told HealthDay:

In order to increase HPV vaccination rates, we must change the perception of the HPV vaccine from something that prevents a sexually transmitted disease to a vaccine that prevents cancer. Every parent should ask the question: If there was a vaccine I could give my child that would prevent them from developing six different cancers, would I give it to them? The answer would be a resounding yes—and we would have a dramatic decrease in HPV-related cancers across the globe.

Making Inroads Toward a Chlamydia Vaccine

An article published in the journal Vaccine shows that researchers have made progress with a new vaccine to prevent chlamydia. According to lead researcher David Bulir of the M. G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research at Canada’s McMaster University, efforts to create a vaccine have been underway for decades, but this is the first formulation to show success.

In 2014, there were 1.4 million reported cases of chlamydia in the United States. While this bacterial infection can be easily treated with antibiotics, it often goes undiagnosed because many people show no symptoms. Untreated chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, which can leave scar tissue in the fallopian tubes or uterus and ultimately result in infertility.

The experimental vaccine was created by Canadian researchers who used pieces of the bacteria that causes chlamydia to form an antigen they called BD584. The hope was that the antigen could prompt the body’s immune system to fight the chlamydia bacteria if exposed to it.

Researchers gave BD584 to mice using a nasal spray, and then exposed them to chlamydia. The results were very promising. The mice who received the spray cleared the infection faster than the mice who did not. Moreover, the mice given the nasal spray were less likely to show symptoms of infection, such as bacterial shedding from the vagina or fluid blockages of the fallopian tubes.

There are many steps to go before this vaccine could become available. The researchers need to test it on other strains of the bacteria and in other animals before testing it in humans. And, of course, experience with the HPV vaccine shows that there’s work to be done to make sure people get vaccines that prevent STIs even after they’re invented. Nonetheless, a vaccine to prevent chlamydia would be a great victory in our ongoing fight against STIs and their health consequences, and we here at This Week in Sex are happy to end on a bit of a positive note.