HB 390 would have amended the existing Partial-Birth Abortion Ban in New Mexico to include a ban on late-term abortions. It prohibits abortions after 20 weeks, unless the life and the health of the mother is at risk, or the pregnancy was a result of sexual abuse, rape or incest. The bill affirms that only a physician may perform an abortion. If an exception is used in order to save the life of the mother, the physician must attempt to preserve the life and health of the unborn child.
This law makes a legal presumption that viability occurs at the 20th week of pregnancy. Before a physician may perform an abortion, they would need to first determine “in a manner consistent with accepted obstetrical and neonatal practices and standards,” if the fetus is viable. In making a determination of viability, the physician “shall perform or cause to be performed such medical examinations and tests as are necessary to make a finding of the gestational, age weight and lung maturity of the fetus.”
The bill would have imposed civil penalties on any physician that violates the act, with a minimum one year suspension of the physician’s license and at least a $5,000 fine.
Tabled by Senate committee.