Minnesota ‘Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act’ (HF 1312)
This law was last updated on Apr 16, 2019
HF 1312 would prohibit performing or inducing an abortion unless the physician first makes a determination of the probable post-fertilization age of the fetus, except in cases of a medical emergency.
The bill would ban abortions at 20 weeks post-fertilization unless, in the physician’s reasonable medical judgment, an abortion is necessary to avert the pregnant person’s death or a serious risk of substantial and irreversible physical impairment of a major bodily function, other than a psychological condition.
Any abortion performed after 20 weeks would need to be performed in a manner that provides the best opportunity for the fetus to survive, unless terminating the pregnancy in that manner would pose a greater risk of death or substantial and irreversible physical impairment of a major bodily function than would another method.
The bill includes legislative findings based on junk science that a fetus can feel pain at 20 weeks.
A person who performs or induces or attempts to perform or induce an abortion in violation would be guilty of a felony.
The bill amend current law regarding abortion reporting to require physicians to include the following additional information:
- whether a determination of the probable post-fertilization age was made, and if so, the age;
- the method used to make the determination; or
- if no determination was made, the basis of the determination that a medical emergency existed; and
- for abortions performed after 20 weeks, the basis of the determination that it was necessary to avert the pregnant patient’s death or to avert serious risk of substantial and irreversible physical impairment of a major bodily function.
Litigation Defense Fund
The bill would establish the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act litigation account in order to pay for expenses incurred by the state attorney general in defending the law. The fund would include appropriations made to the account by the legislature as well as donations and gifts to the account.
Companion bill to SF 1609.
Based on model legislation drafted by the National Right to Life Committee.
2/18/19 – Introduced; referred to House Health and Human Services Policy Committee.
- Kristin Robbins
- Lisa Demuth
- Shane Mekeland
- Matthew Grossell
- John Poston
- Linda Runbeck
- Tama Theis
- Dean Urdahl
- Marion O'Neill
- Rod Hamilton
- Joe Schomacker
- Joe McDonald
- Steve Green
- Dan Fabian
- Debra Kiel
- John Petersburg
- Brian Daniels
- Gregory Davids
- Mary Murphy
- Jon Koznick
- Joshua Heintzeman
- Bob Dettmer
- Pat Garofalo
- Mary Franson
- Glenn Gruenhagen
- Peggy Bennett
- Eric Lucero
- National Right to Life Committee — Drafted Model Law