Iowa Bill re 20-Week Abortion Ban and 72 Hour Waiting Period (SF 471)
This law was last updated on Jun 29, 2018
SF 471 amends the law regarding feticide to prohibit abortion if a pregnancy has reached 20 weeks post-fertilization or the fetus achieves viability.
The law makes it a class “C” felony for any person to intentionally terminate a human pregnancy, with the knowledge and voluntary consent of the pregnant person, after the pregnancy reaches 20 weeks post-fertilization or the fetus achieves viability, whichever occurs earlier.
The law makes it a class “D” felony for any person who attempts to intentionally terminate a human pregnancy, with the knowledge and voluntary consent of the pregnant person, after the pregnancy reaches 20 weeks post-fertilization or the fetus achieves viability, whichever occurs earlier, where death of the fetus does not result.
SF 471 does not apply in cases where abortion is necessary to preserve the life of the pregnant person or to avert a serious risk to the pregnant person of substantial and irreversible physical impairment of a major bodily function.
The law does not apply to the termination of a human pregnancy between 20 and 24 weeks post-fertilization, when in the best clinical judgment of the physician the human pregnancy has a fetal anomaly incompatible with life.
The law requires the physician performing an abortion to obtain written certification from the pregnant patient verifying informed consent requirements—including that the patient has undergone ultrasound imaging and been given the opportunity to view the ultrasound and hear a description of it—at least 72 hours prior to performing an abortion.
Similar to feticide provisions found in SF 54.
Sponsored by the Senate Committee on Human Resources.
Passed the senate on March 14, 2017, by a 32-17 vote.
Passed the house on April 5, 2017, by a 55-42 vote.
Final senate passage on April 18, 2017, by a 30-20 vote.
Signed by Gov. Terry Branstad (R) on May 5, 2017.
The Iowa Supreme Court blocked the 72-hour waiting period provision on June 29, 2018.