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Heartbeat Protection Act of 2017 (H.R. 490)

This law was last updated on Sep 13, 2019


This law is Anti–Choice

State

Federal

Number

H.R. 490

Status

Failed to Pass

Proposed

Jan 12, 2017

Topics

Heartbeat Bans

Full Bill Text

www.congress.gov

H.R. 490 would prohibit abortions without a check for a fetal heartbeat, or if a fetal heartbeat is detectable.

The bill would make it a crime for a physician to knowingly perform an abortion:

  • without determining whether the fetus has a detectable heartbeat;
  • without informing the pregnant individual of the results; or
  • after determining that a fetus has a detectable heartbeat.

The bill provides for an exception if an abortion is necessary to save the life of the pregnant person whose life is endangered by a physical (but not psychological or emotional) disorder, illness, or condition.

The bill does not provide for an exception in the case of rape or incest.

A physician who performs a prohibited abortion would be subject to criminal penalties—a fine, up to five years in prison, or both.


A fetal heartbeat can be detected as early as six weeks of pregnancy—two weeks after a person’s first missed period—and well before many even realize that they are pregnant.


Latest Action

1/12/17 – Introduced.


People

Co-sponsor

Primary Sponsor