Florida For Life Act 2015 (SB 1502)

This law was last updated on Apr 25, 2016


This law is Anti–Choice

State

Florida

Number

S 1502

Status

Failed to Pass

Proposed

Feb 26, 2015

Topics

Human Embryo and Fetal Research, Informed Consent, Insurance Coverage, Later Abortion, Medication Abortion, Omnibus (multiple topics), Personhood

Full Bill Text

www.flsenate.gov

S 1502 would create the Florida For Life Act, establishing that life begins at conception and prohibiting inducing or performing abortions and providing grounds for disciplinary action against physicians that perform abortions during viability.

Terminations of pregnancy during viability

The bill states that no performance or inducement of abortion may be performed if a physician determines that the fetus is viable.  An abortion may be performed if  one or two physicians certified in writing that it is necessary to save the pregnant woman’s life or avert a serious risk of substantial and irreversible physical impairment of a major bodily function of the pregnant woman.

If an abortion is performed while the patient’s fetus is viable, the physician would be expected to do everything in their power to save the life of the fetus.  Any physician that violates this requirement could face disciplinary actions.  The performance of such an abortion would only be allowed to take place at a hospital or other medical establishment that is capable of providing all necessary lifesaving and life-sustaining medical services to the viable fetus.

The bill would make it a felony for any physician to knowingly misrepresent the gestational age or stage of fetal development of a viable fetus in an entry to any medical record.

Prohibiting abortions

S 1502 would prohibit induced abortions except for cases stated above.  The bill would make it a felony for any person who induces an abortion, attempts to perform, or assists another in the performance of an induced abortion.  If a person performs an induced abortion on another person and manages to inflict serious bodily injury on the person, they would be committing a felony punishable by imprisonment.  If that bodily injury resulted in death, the person responsible would be committing a life felony.

S 1502 would make it a felony to operate any facility, business or service for the purpose of providing induced abortion services.

Termination of pregnancies would be prohibited unless two physicians certify in writing that it is necessary to save the life of the pregnant woman.  If another physician is not available for a consultation, the attending physician may certify in writing themselves.

Termination of a pregnancy may not be performed or induced without the voluntary and informed written consent of the patient, or the patient’s parents or legal guardian.

Requirements for voluntary and informed consent:

  • The nature and risks of undergoing or not undergoing the procedure;
  • The probable gestational age of the fetus; and
  • The medical risks to the patient and fetus if carried to term.

Printed materials provided by the health department should be provided to the patient that include:

  • An accurate estimate of the stage of biological development, gestational age, length, weight, and viability of the “unborn human person”;
  • A list of agencies that offer alternatives to terminating the pregnancy;
  • Detailed information on the availability of medical assistance benefits for prenatal care, childbirth and neonatal care.

Additional Requirements

S 1502 would also require the Office of Adoption and Child Protection to create and manage a statewide list of attorneys providing volunteer adoption services for women and minors with unwanted pregnancies who would have selected abortion, if lawful, rather than adoption, etc.

The bill would prohibit using a live fetus or live, premature infant for any type of scientific, laboratory, or other kind of research or experimentation except as necessary to protect of preserve the life and health of such fetus or premature infant.

The health department would be required to set standards for sanitary and appropriate manners of disposing fetal remains.

Health insurance policies may not provide coverage for induced abortions.

STATUS

Similar to HB 247, which was also under consideration in 2015, and to HB 545, which failed to pass in 2014.


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