Conscience and Refusal Clauses

This law topic summary was last updated on: December 13, 2016

“Conscience” or “Refusal” laws permit people and organizations, primarily health-care providers and institutions, to refuse to provide certain types of health care services under the guise of religious freedom. (These laws also permit religious organizations, and in some cases civil servants and others, to discriminate against LGBTQ people based upon a moral or religious opposition to homosexuality. A more detailed discussion of how conscience and refusal laws result in discrimination against LGBTQ people can be found here.)

The details of these laws vary between jurisdictions, but their basic purpose is to permit health-care providers, health-care institutions, pharmacists, and pharmacies to refuse to provide abortion, sterilization, contraceptive services, training, and coverage under the guise of religious freedom. Without these so-called conscience or refusal clauses, such refusal would in many cases amount to unlawful, or at the very least, actionable conduct.

With regard to emergency contraception, states have enacted laws that allow pharmacists and pharmacies to refuse to fill contraceptive prescriptions and/or provide emergency contraception. In addition, states have written conscience clauses broadly in order to exempt pharmacists and pharmacies from laws requiring the provision of emergency contraception.

Conscience and refusal clauses negatively impact women in several ways. In many cases, they hinder or prevent access to essential reproductive health care. This is particularly harmful to low-income women and women who live in rural areas without multiple options for access. In addition to refusing to provide these services, some providers will also refuse to refer these women to providers who do. For example, rape victims have been denied emergency contraceptives and referrals to providers that would provide emergency contraceptive, resulting in no access at all.

In order to protect access to reproductive health services, some states have tried to enact laws that impose a duty on pharmacists to dispense emergency contraception, but federal courts have found that these laws hinder the free exercise of religion and discriminate based on religious beliefs in violation of the First Amendment and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.

Many conscience and refusal clauses, like other laws created to prohibit access to reproductive health care, are based on model legislation drafted by Americans United for Life and similar anti-choice organizations as part of a coordinated effort to chip away at reproductive health rights at the state level.

Examples of Conscience and Refusal Clauses (last updated November 15, 2016)

Federal laws:

In 1973, Congress enacted the Church Amendment, 42 U.S.C. § 300a-7 allowing health-care organizations that receive federal funds to refuse to provide abortion or sterilization services if to do so would be against their religious or moral beliefs.

In 1993, President Clinton signed into law the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA), a statute which prohibits a government from substantially burdening religious freedom without a compelling justification for doing so. RFRA law became a statutory model for those with religious objections to laws of general applicability to avoid compliance based on religious objection.

In 1996, Congress passed the Coats Amendment which protects federally funded government entities or individual physicians from discrimination if they refuse to provide or undergo abortion medical training or referrals to institutions that do. The amendment also allows such entities to maintain their legal status, accreditation, and federal funding. As a result, licensed obstetrics and gynecology medical providers may not have access or may be exempt from training in abortion and related procedures despite professional standards deeming these procedures essential medical knowledge.

Recently, conscience and refusal clause legislation has also been applied to insurance coverage. Since the enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), states have used claims of conscience to pass legislation that allows qualified health-care plans to opt out of providing abortion coverage. In addition, both for-profit and non-profit organizations are using claims of conscience in their objection to providing contraceptive coverage under the ACA. In June 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby said that the definition of “person” in the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) includes “closely held” corporations, therefore allowing these for-profit businesses to opt out of contraceptive coverage.

State Laws:

States have also adopted many conscience and refusal clauses. According to the Guttmacher Institute, 45 states currently allow some health-care providers to refuse to provide abortion services; 44 states allow health-care organizations to refuse to provide abortion services, 13 of which limit the exemption to private institutions and one limits it to religious institutions; 12 states allow health-care providers to refuse to provide some contraceptive services, while nine states allow health-care providers to refuse to provide all contraceptive services; eight states allow health-care institutions to refuse to provide services related to contraception, five states limit the exemption to private entities.

In addition, 21 states have passed RFRA laws.

Laws

Title Number State Proposed Status
Kansas ‘Pro-Life’ Protections Act (HB 2253) HB 2253 Kansas Feb 6, 2013 Current
North Carolina Motorcycle Abortion Bill (SB 353) SB 353 North Carolina Mar 19, 2013 Current
Pennsylvania Health Insurance Right of Conscience Act (HB 1049) HB 1049 Pennsylvania Mar 25, 2013 Failed to Pass
Pennsylvania Health Insurance Right of Conscience Act (HB 1050) HB 1050 Pennsylvania Mar 25, 2013 Failed to Pass
Pennsylvania Health Insurance Right of Conscience Act (HB 1051) HB 1051 Pennsylvania Mar 25, 2013 Failed to Pass
Pennsylvania Conscientious Objection Act (SB 276) SB 276 Pennsylvania Feb 26, 2013 Failed to Pass
Pennsylvania Freedom of Conscience in Health Care Services Act (HB 383) HB 383 Pennsylvania Jan 29, 2013 Failed to Pass
Arizona Bill Regarding Duty to Fill Emergency Contraception Prescriptions (SB 1259) SB 1259 Arizona Jan 29, 2014 Failed to Pass
Florida Unborn Viability Act (HB 551) HB 551 Florida Jan 16, 2014 Failed to Pass
Florida for Life Act 2013 (SB 1056) SB 1056 Florida Feb 20, 2013 Failed to Pass
Florida for Life Act 2013 (HB 395) HB 395 Florida Jan 22, 2013 Failed to Pass
Florida Unborn Viability Act (SB 1602) SB 1602 Florida Feb 28, 2014 Failed to Pass
Missouri Conscience Protection Bill of 2014 (HB 1430) HB 1430 Missouri Jan 15, 2014 Failed to Pass
Missouri Prevention First Act of 2014 (HB 1529) HB 1529 Missouri Jan 21, 2014 Failed to Pass
Missouri Prevention First Act of 2013 (HB 889) HB 889 Missouri Mar 26, 2013 Failed to Pass
Missouri Conscience Protection Bill of 2013 (SB 84) SB 84 Missouri Dec 17, 2012 Failed to Pass
Missouri Law Protecting Free Exercise of Religion (SB 916) SB 916 Missouri Feb 24, 2014 Failed to Pass
Missouri Conscience Protection Bill of 2013 (HB 457) HB 457 Missouri Feb 5, 2013 Failed to Pass
Missouri Bill Regarding Duty to Fill Emergency Contraception Prescriptions (HB 518) HB 518 Missouri Feb 7, 2013 Failed to Pass
Oklahoma Joint Resolution Regarding Freedom of Conscience in Health Insurance Coverage (HJR 1020) HJR 1020 Oklahoma Feb 4, 2013 Failed to Pass
Oklahoma Joint Resolution Regarding Freedom of Conscience in Health Insurance Coverage (SJR 31) SJR 31 Oklahoma Jan 17, 2013 Failed to Pass
Alabama Health Care Rights of Conscience Act 2014 (HB 31) HB 31 Alabama Jan 14, 2014 Failed to Pass
Alabama Health Care Rights of Conscience Act 2013 (HB 354) HB 354 Alabama Feb 28, 2013 Failed to Pass
Alabama Health Care Rights of Conscience Act 2013 (SB 251) SB 251 Alabama Feb 26, 2013 Failed to Pass
Alabama Religious Liberty Act of 2013 (HB 108) HB 108 Alabama Feb 1, 2013 Failed to Pass
North Carolina Family, Faith, and Freedom Protection Act (HB 695) HB 695 North Carolina Apr 9, 2013 Failed to Pass
North Carolina Health Care Conscience Protection (HB 730) HB 730 North Carolina Apr 10, 2013 Failed to Pass
North Carolina Act to Modify Religious Employer Exception for Contraceptive Coverage (SB 498) SB 498 North Carolina Mar 27, 2013 Failed to Pass
Virginia Bill Regarding Right of Conscience Related to Contraceptive Coverage 2014 (HB 18) HB 18 Virginia Nov 21, 2013 Failed to Pass
Virginia Bill Regarding Right of Conscience Related to Contraceptive Coverage 2014 (HB 19) HB 19 Virginia Nov 21, 2013 Failed to Pass
Virginia Bill Regarding Right of Conscience Related to Contraceptive Coverage 2014 (HB 20) HB 20 Virginia Nov 21, 2013 Failed to Pass
Virginia Bill Regarding Right of Conscience Related to Contraceptive Coverage 2013 (HB 1314) HB 1314 Virginia Oct 3, 2012 Failed to Pass
Virginia Bill Regarding Right of Conscience Related to Contraceptive Coverage 2013 (HB 1315) HB 1315 Virginia Oct 3, 2012 Failed to Pass
Idaho Bill Regarding Freedom of Conscience (S 1353) S 1353 Idaho Jan 22, 2010 Current
Indiana Law Regarding Refusal of Certain Health-Care Coverage (HB 1498) HB 1498 Indiana Jan 22, 2013 Failed to Pass
Indiana Health-Care Professionals Conscience Clause (HB 1461) HB 1461 Indiana Jan 23, 2013 Failed to Pass
Iowa Bill Regarding Employer Religious Conscience Protection (SF 2153) SF 2153 Iowa Feb 11, 2014 Failed to Pass
Nebraska Health Care Freedom of Conscience Act (LB 564) LB 564 Nebraska Jan 23, 2013 Failed to Pass
Federal Abortion Non-Discrimination Act of 2013 (S 137) S 137 Federal Jan 24, 2013 Failed to Pass
Healthcare Conscience Rights Act 2013 (HR 940) HR 940 Federal Mar 12, 2013 Failed to Pass
Healthcare Conscience Rights Act 2013 (S 1204) S 1204 Federal Jun 20, 2013 Failed to Pass
Federal Abortion Non-Discrimination Act of 2015 (S 50) S 50 Federal Jan 7, 2015 Proposed
Missouri Prevention First Act of 2015 (HB 353) HB 353 Missouri Jan 5, 2015 Failed to Pass
Missouri Conscience Protection Bill of 2015 (HB 432) HB 432 Missouri Jan 8, 2015 Failed to Pass
Arizona Bill Amending Provision Regarding Birth Control Benefit (SB 1431) SB 1431 Arizona Feb 3, 2015 Failed to Pass
New Hampshire Health Care Freedom of Conscience Act (HB 670) HB 670 New Hampshire Jan 29, 2015 Proposed
Pennsylvania Conscientious Objection Act (SB 292) SB 292 Pennsylvania Jan 20, 2015 Failed to Pass
Iowa Bill Regarding Employer Religious Conscience Protection (SF 118) SF 118 Iowa Jan 29, 2015 Failed to Pass
Missouri Bill Regarding Duty to Fill Contraceptive Prescriptions (HB 350) HB 350 Missouri Jan 8, 2015 Failed to Pass
Missouri Bill Regarding Duty to Fill Contraceptive Prescriptions (HB 1528) HB 1528 Missouri Jan 21, 2014 Failed to Pass
Minnesota Contraceptive Health Equity and Employee Rights Act (SF 1278) SF 1278 Minnesota Mar 2, 2015 Failed to Pass
Minnesota Contraceptive Health Equity and Employee Rights Act (HF 1165) HF 1165 Minnesota Feb 23, 2015 Failed to Pass
Massachusetts Bill Requiring Contraceptive Coverage (H 948) H 948 Massachusetts Jan 20, 2015 Proposed
Connecticut Act Improving Access to Contraceptives (HB 6159) HB 6159 Connecticut Jan 22, 2015 Failed to Pass
Washington Reproductive Parity Act (SB 6359) SB 6359 Washington Jan 22, 2014 Failed to Pass
Washington Reproductive Parity Act (HB 2148) HB 2148 Washington Jan 6, 2014 Failed to Pass
Washington Reproductive Parity Act (SB 5576) SB 5576 Washington Feb 4, 2013 Failed to Pass
Washington Reproductive Parity Act (SB 5798) SB 5798 Washington Feb 15, 2013 Failed to Pass
Washington Reproductive Parity Act (HB 1044) HB 1044 Washington Jan 10, 2013 Failed to Pass
Washington Reproductive Parity Act (SB 5009) SB 5009 Washington Jan 14, 2013 Failed to Pass
New York Bill Regarding Pharmacy Duties (A 6753) A 6753 New York Apr 1, 2015 Proposed
New York Bill Regarding Pharmacy Duties (S 556) S 556 New York Jan 7, 2015 Proposed
Alabama Health Care Rights of Conscience Act of 2015 (HB 491) HB 491 Alabama Apr 14, 2015 Failed to Pass
Missouri Parental Liberty Bill (HB 1755) HB 1755 Missouri Jan 6, 2016 Failed to Pass
Alabama Health Care Rights of Conscience Act of 2016 (HB 159) HB 159 Alabama Feb 9, 2016 Failed to Pass
Mississippi Protecting Freedom of Conscience from Government Discrimination Act (HB 1523) HB 1523 Mississippi Feb 8, 2016 Blocked/Enjoined
Colorado State Freedom Of Conscience Protection Act (HB 1171) HB 1171 Colorado Jan 29, 2015 Failed to Pass
Colorado Freedom of Conscience Protection Act (HB 1180) HB 1180 Colorado Failed to Pass
Alaska Bill Regarding the Free Exercise of Religion (HB 325) HB 325 Alaska Feb 22, 2016 Failed to Pass
Ohio Bill Regarding Business Participation in Same-Sex Marriage (HB 296) HB 296 Ohio Aug 5, 2015 Proposed
Oklahoma Right of Conscience Act (SB 1328) SB 1328 Oklahoma Feb 1, 2016 Failed to Pass
South Carolina Bill Regarding Marriage Licenses (S 116) S 116 South Carolina Jan 13, 2015 Failed to Pass
Tennessee Bill Authorizing Psychology Students to Decline to Provide Services (SB 397) SB 397 Tennessee Feb 5, 2015 Failed to Pass
Tennessee Bill Authorizing Psychology Students to Decline to Provide Services (HB 566) HB 566 Tennessee Feb 10, 2016 Failed to Pass
Tennessee Bill Authorizing Therapists to Decline to Provide Services (HB 1840) HB 1840 Tennessee Jan 19, 2016 Current
Tennessee Bill Authorizing Therapists to Decline to Provide Services (SB 1556) SB 1556 Tennessee Jan 11, 2016 Current
Virginia Bill Regarding Marriage Licenses (SB 40) SB 40 Virginia Dec 15, 2015 Failed to Pass
Washington State Protection of the Free Exercise of Religious Beliefs and Rights of Conscience Regarding Marriage As the Union of One Man and One Woman Act (HB 2631) HB 2631 Washington Jan 18, 2016 Failed to Pass
Washington Protection of the Rights of Religious Exercise and Conscience from Government Discrimination Act (HB 2752) HB 2752 Washington Jan 20, 2016 Failed to Pass
West Virginia Freedom of Conscience Protection Act (SB 487) SB 487 West Virginia Feb 13, 2015 Failed to Pass
West Virginia Freedom of Conscience Protection Act (HB 2830) HB 2830 West Virginia Feb 20, 2015 Failed to Pass
West Virginia Freedom of Conscience Protection Act (HB 2508) HB 2508 West Virginia Jan 13, 2016 Failed to Pass
Iowa Conscience Protection Act (SF 2171) SF 2171 Iowa Feb 11, 2016 Failed to Pass
Iowa Conscience Protection Act (HF 2200) HF 2200 Iowa Feb 8, 2016 Failed to Pass
Missouri Resolution Regarding an Individual’s Right of Conscience (HJR 68) HJR 68 Missouri Jan 6, 2016 Failed to Pass
Minnesota Freedom of Conscience Bill (SF 2158) SF 2158 Minnesota May 8, 2015 Failed to Pass
Michigan Religious Liberty and Conscience Protection Act (HB 4309) HB 4309 Michigan Mar 5, 2015 Proposed
West Virginia Religious Freedom Restoration Act (HB 4012) HB 4012 West Virginia Jan 26, 2016 Failed to Pass
West Virginia Freedom of Conscience Protection Act (SB 11) SB 11 West Virginia Jan 13, 2016 Failed to Pass
Florida Bill Regarding the Protection of Religious Freedom (HB 401) HB 401 Florida Oct 21, 2015 Failed to Pass
Virginia Bill Regarding Genetic Counseling (SB 330) Va. Code Ann. § 54.1.2957.18-21 Virginia Jan 6, 2014 Current
Virginia Bill Regarding Genetic Counseling (HB 612) Va. Code Ann. § 54.1.2957.18-21 Virginia Jan 7, 2014 Current
Kansas Abortion and Contraception Refusal Clause (§§ 65-443) Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 65-443 Kansas Current
Maryland Abortion, Artificial Insemination, and Sterilization Refusal Clause Md. Code Ann., Health-Gen. § 20-214 Maryland Current
Maryland Contraception Insurance Coverage Refusal Md. Code Ann., Ins. § 15-826 Maryland Current
Kansas Sterilization Refusal Clause (Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 65-447) Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 65-447 Kansas Current
Kansas Sterilization Refusal Clause (Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 65-446) §§ 65-446 Kansas Current
Kansas Pharmacist Refusal Clause Kan. Stat. Ann. § 65-1637 Kansas Proposed
Utah Abortion Refusal Clause Utah Code Ann. § 76-7-306 Utah Current
Virginia Abortion Refusal Clause § 18.2-75 Virginia Current
Virginia Family-Planning Information Refusal Clause Va. Code Ann. § 32.1-134 Virginia Current
Indiana Abortion Refusal Clause Ind. Code Ann. §§ 16-34-1-3 to -7 Indiana Current
Illinois Health Care Right of Conscience Act 745 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 70/1 et seq. Illinois Current
Illinois Abortion Refusal Clause 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 510/13 Illinois Current
Illinois Abortion Performance Refusal Act 745 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 30/1 Illinois Current
Idaho Sterilization Refusal Clause Idaho Code § 39-3915 Idaho Current
Idaho Abortion Refusal Clause § 18-612 Idaho Current
Iowa Abortion Refusal Clause Iowa Code Ann. §§ 146.1, .2 Iowa Current
Idaho Freedom of Conscience for Health-Care Professionals Refusal Clause Idaho Code § 18-611 Idaho Current
Hawaii Contraception Insurance Coverage Refusal Clause Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 431:10A-116.7 Hawaii Current
Hawaii Health-Care Provider and Health-Care Institutions Refusal Clause Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 327E-7 Hawaii Current
Hawaii Abortion Refusal Clause Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 453-16 Hawaii Current
Georgia Sterilization Refusal Clause Ga. Code Ann. § 31-20-6 Georgia Current
Georgia Pharmacist Refusal Clause Ga. Admin. Code § 480-5-.03 Georgia Current
Georgia Family-Planning Refusal Clause Ga. Code Ann. § 49-7-2, -6 Georgia Current
Florida Abortion Refusal Clause Fla. Stat. Ann. § 390.0111(8) Florida Current
Georgia Abortion Refusal Clause Ga. Code Ann. § 16-12-142 Georgia Current
Florida Contraception Refusal Clause (Fla. Stat. Ann. § 381.0051) Fla. Stat. Ann. § 381.0051 Florida Current
Florida Contraception Refusal Clause (Fla. Stat. Ann. § 409.973) Fla. Stat. Ann. § 409.973 Florida Current
Delaware Contraception Insurance Coverage Refusal Clause Del. Code Ann. tit. 18, § 3559 Delaware Current
Connecticut Contraception Insurance Coverage Refusal Clause Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. §§ 38a-503e, -530e Connecticut Current
Connecticut Abortion Refusal Clause Conn. Agencies Regs § 19-13-D54 Connecticut Current
California Health-Care Provider Refusal Clauses California, Cal. Prob. Code §§ 4600- 4805 California Current
California Contraception Insurance Coverage Refusal Clause Cal. Health & Safety Code § 1367.25 California Current
California Abortion Refusal Clause Cal. Health & Safety Code § 123420 California Current
Arkansas Insurance Coverage for Contraception Refusal Clause Ark. Code Ann. §§ 23-79-1101 to -1104 Arkansas Current
Maine Contraception Insurance Refusal Clause (§2332-J) Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 24, § 2332-J Maine Current
Maine Contraception Insurance Refusal Clause (§2756) Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 24-A, §§ 2756 Maine Current
Maine Contraception Insurance Refusal Clause (§ 4247) Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 24-A, §§ 4247 Maine Current
Maine Contraception Insurance Refusal Clause (§ 2847-G) Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 24-A, §§ 2847-G Maine Current
Massachusetts Contraception Insurance Refusal Clause (§ 4O) Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 176G, § 4O Massachusetts Current
Massachusetts Contraception Insurance Refusal Clause (§ 4W) Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 176B, § 4W Massachusetts Current
Massachusetts Contraception Insurance Refusal Clause (§ 47W) Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 175, § 47W Massachusetts Current
Massachusetts Contraception Insurance Refusal Clause (§ 8W) Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 176A, § 8W Massachusetts Current
Massachusetts Abortion and Sterilization Refusal Clause (§ 12I) Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 112, § 12I Massachusetts Current
Massachusetts Abortion, Sterilization, and Family-Planning Refusal Clause (§ 21B) Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 272, § 21B Massachusetts Current
Michigan Contraception Insurance Coverage Refusal Clause N/A Michigan Current
Michigan Abortion Refusal Clause Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. §§ 333.20181 to .20184 Michigan Current
Ohio Abortion Refusal Clause Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 4731.91 Ohio Current
Minnesota Family-Planning Refusal Clause Minn. Stat. Ann. § 145.925 Minnesota Current
Minnesota Abortion Refusal Clause (§§ 145.42) Minn. Stat. Ann. §§ 145.42 Minnesota Current
Minnesota Abortion Refusal Clause (§§ 145.414) Minn. Stat. Ann. §§ 145.414 Minnesota Current
North Dakota Abortion Refusal Clause N.D. Cent. Code § 23-16-14 North Dakota Current
Maine Sterilization Refusal Clause Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 34-B, § 7016 Maine Current
Maine Pharmacist Refusal Clause Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 32, § 13795 Maine Current
Maine Health-Care Provider Refusal Clause Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 18-A, § 5-807 Maine Current
Maine Family-Planning Refusal Clause Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 22, § 1903 Maine Current
Maine Abortion Refusal Clause (§ 1592) Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 22, §§ 1592 Maine Current
Maine Abortion Refusal Clause (§ 1591) Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 22, §§ 1591 Maine Current
Louisiana Conscience in Health-Care Protection Clause La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§40:1061.20 Louisiana Current
Louisiana Abortion Refusal Clause (§ 40:1061.4) La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 40:1061.4 Louisiana Current
Louisiana Abortion Refusal Clause (§ 40:1061.3) La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 40:1061.3 Louisiana Current
Louisiana Abortion Refusal Clause (§ 40:1061.2) La. Rev. Stat. §40:1061.2 Louisiana Current
Kentucky Abortion Refusal Clause Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 311.800 Kentucky Current
Arizona Abortion and Contraception Refusal Clause Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 36-2154 Arizona Current
Arkansas Abortion Refusal Clause Ark. Code Ann. § 20-16-601 Arkansas Current
Alaska Abortion Refusal Clause Alaska Stat. § 18.16.010 Alaska Current
Alabama Freedom of Religion in Marriage Protection Act (HB 56) HB 56 Alabama Mar 3, 2015 Failed to Pass
Alabama Child Care Provider Inclusion Act (SB 261) SB 261 Alabama Mar 17, 2015 Failed to Pass
Alabama Child Care Provider Inclusion Act (HB 296) HB 296 Alabama Mar 17, 2015 Failed to Pass
Arkansas Religious Freedom Right of Choice Bill (HB 1879) HB 1879 Arkansas Mar 9, 2015 Failed to Pass
Colorado Public Accommodation First Amendment Rights (HB 1161) HB 1161 Colorado Jan 29, 2015 Failed to Pass
Arkansas Contraception Refusal Clause Ark. Code Ann. § 20-16-304 Arkansas Current
Montana Sterilization Refusal Clause Mont. Code Ann. §§ 50-5-501 to -05 Montana Current
Montana Abortion Refusal Clause Mont. Code Ann. § 50-20-111 Montana Current
Mississippi Health-Care Provider Refusal Clause (§ 41-41-215) Miss. Code Ann. §§ 41-41-215 Mississippi Current
Mississippi Health-Care Rights of Conscience Act Miss. Code Ann. §§ 41-107-1 to -13 Mississippi Current
Florida Conscience Protection for Actions of Private Child-Placing Agencies (H 7111) H 7111 Florida Mar 23, 2015 Failed to Pass
Louisiana Marriage and Conscience Act (HB 707) HB 707 Louisiana Apr 3, 2015 Failed to Pass
Michigan Bill Regarding Religious Freedom of Adoption Agencies (HB 4190) HB 4190 Michigan Feb 12, 2015 Current
Michigan Bill Regarding Religious Freedom of Adoption Agencies (HB 4189) HB 4189 Michigan Feb 12, 2015 Current
Michigan Bill Regarding Religious Freedom of Adoption Agencies (HB 4188) HB 4188 Michigan Feb 12, 2015 Current
Missouri Marriage Solemnization Refusal Bill (HB 1337) HB 1337 Missouri Mar 12, 2015 Failed to Pass
North Carolina Magistrates Recusal for Civil Ceremonies Bill (SB 2) SB 2 North Carolina Jan 28, 2015 Current
Texas Bill Regarding Private Business Owner’s Choice to Provide Goods or Services (HB 2553) HB 2553 Texas Mar 6, 2015 Failed to Pass
Texas Marriage and Religious Rights Ensured Act (HB 3602) HB 3602 Texas Mar 12, 2015 Failed to Pass
Texas Protection of Rights of Conscience for Child Welfare Services Providers (HB 3864) HB 3864 Texas Mar 13, 2015 Failed to Pass
Texas Religious Rights of Conscience Bill (SB 1799) SB 1799 Texas Mar 13, 2015 Failed to Pass
Utah Religious Liberty Act (HB 322) HB 322 Utah Feb 12, 2015 Failed to Pass
Utah Marriage Modifications Bill (HB 66) HB 66 Utah Jan 26, 2015 Failed to Pass
Utah Protections for Religious Expression and Beliefs About Marriage, Family, or Sexuality (SB 297) SB 297 Utah Mar 5, 2015 Current
Virginia Conscience Clause for Issuing Government Licenses (HB 1414) HB 1414 Virginia Dec 19, 2014 Failed to Pass
Nebraska Abortion Refusal Clause Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 28-337 to -341 Nebraska Current
Texas Pastor Protection Act (SB 2065) SB 2065 Texas Apr 28, 2015 Current
Alabama Child Placing Agency Inclusion Act (HB 24) HB 2443 Alabama Feb 7, 2017 Signed into Law
Federal Conscience Protection Act of 2016 (H.R. 4828) H.R. 4828 Federal Mar 22, 2016 Proposed
Missouri Marriage Solemnization Refusal Bill (HB 205) HB 205 Missouri Jan 4, 2017 Proposed
Texas Abortion Refusal Clause Tex. Occ. Code Ann. §§ 103.001 to .004 Texas Current
Tennessee Contraception Refusal Clause Tenn. Code Ann. § 68-34-104(5) Tennessee Current
Tennessee Abortion Refusal Clause Tenn. Code Ann. §§ 39-15-204, -205 Tennessee Current
Tennessee Bill Regarding Counseling and Ethics (SB 1) SB 1 Tennessee Jan 10, 2017 Proposed
Minnesota Religious Belief Exemption Bill (HF 43) HF 43 Minnesota Jan 5, 2017 Proposed
Oklahoma Right of Conscience Act (SB 197) SB 197 Oklahoma Feb 6, 2017 Proposed
Pennsylvania Conscientious Objection Act (SB 24) SB 24 Pennsylvania Jan 12, 2017 Proposed
Washington Protection of the Rights of Religious Exercise and Conscience from Government Discrimination Act (HB 1178) HB 1178 Washington Jan 12, 2017 Proposed
Colorado Freedom of Conscience Protection Act (HB 1013) HB 1013 Colorado Jan 11, 2017 Failed to Pass
New Mexico Parental Notification Act (HB 221) HB 221 New Mexico Jan 19, 2017 Failed to Pass
Oklahoma Religious Freedom Constitutional Amendment Proposal (HJR 1023) HJR 1023 Oklahoma Feb 6, 2017 Proposed
Missouri Resolution Urging St. Louis to Defeat Board Bill 203 (HCR 21) HCR 21 Missouri Jan 26, 2017 Proposed
Missouri Resolution Urging St. Louis to Defeat Board Bill 203 (SCR 10) SCR 10 Missouri Jan 19, 2017 Proposed
Alabama Health Care Rights of Conscience Act of 2017 (HB 95) HB 954 Alabama Feb 7, 2017 Proposed
Alabama Health Care Rights of Conscience Act (SB 185) SB 185 Alabama Feb 14, 2017 Proposed
South Dakota Bill Providing Protections for Religious Child-Placement Agencies (SB 149) SB 149 South Dakota Feb 1, 2017 Signed into Law
West Virginia Freedom of Conscience Protection Act (SB 19) SB 19 West Virginia Feb 8, 2017 Failed to Pass
Alabama Child Placing Agency Inclusion Act (SB 145) SB 145 Alabama Feb 9, 2017 Proposed
Arkansas Healthcare Freedom of Conscience Act (HB 1628) HB 1628 Arkansas Feb 21, 2017 Failed to Pass
Texas Bill Regarding the Protection of Religious Beliefs and Moral Convictions (SB 893) SB 893 Texas Feb 14, 2017 Proposed
Texas Bill Regarding the Protection of Religious Beliefs and Moral Convictions (HB 1923) HB 1923 Texas Feb 15, 2017 Proposed
Texas Protection of Rights of Conscience for Child Welfare Services Providers (HB 1805) HB 1805 Texas Feb 13, 2017 Proposed
Texas Protection of Rights of Conscience for Child Welfare Services Providers (SB 892) SB 892 Texas Feb 14, 2017 Proposed
Arizona ‘End of Life Health Care Provider Rights of Conscience’ Bill (SB 1439) SB 1439 Arizona Jan 31, 2017 Signed into Law
Oklahoma Bill Regarding Religious Convictions of Child-Placing Agencies (HB 1507) HB 1507 Oklahoma Feb 6, 2017 Proposed
Texas Bill Regarding Child-Placing Agency Refusals (SB 1536) SB 1536 Texas Mar 8, 2017 Proposed
Texas Protection of Rights of Conscience for Child Welfare Services Providers (HB 3859) HB 3859 Texas Mar 10, 2017 Proposed
Arkansas Government Nondiscrimination Act (HB 2232) HB 2232 Arkansas Mar 6, 2017 Failed to Pass
Texas Health Care Right of Conscience Act (HB 2878) HB 2878 Texas Mar 3, 2017 Proposed
Texas ‘Free to Believe Act’ (HB 2779) HB 2779 Texas Mar 2, 2017 Proposed
Colorado Bill to Clarify Discrimination and the Right to Disagree (SB 283) SB 283 Colorado Apr 3, 2017 Failed to Pass
Texas ‘Professional Right of Conscience for Wedding Ceremonies Act’ (HB 2876) HB 2876 Texas Mar 3, 2017 Proposed
Georgia Bill Regarding Domestic Relations and Adoption (HB 159) HB 159 Georgia Jan 26, 2017 Failed to Pass
Wisconsin Bill Regarding the Sale and Research of Fetal Body Parts (AB 83) AB 83 Wisconsin Feb 23, 2017 Proposed