Diane Tober, PhD, has conducted extensive research in topics related to bioethics, reproductive technologies and commodification of the body, in both the United States and the Middle East. Her research includes ethnographic work on the sperm-banking industry, investigating issues surrounding access to reproductive technologies and how lay perceptions of genetics influence donor choice; kidney sales in Islamic Republic of Iran; and the politics of family planning promotion and use among Afghan refugees and low-income Iranians in Iran. There are numerous publications of her work in scholarly journals and popular media. She has taught courses in Anthropology at California State University, East Bay and UC Berkeley. She formerly served as Executive Director for Unique Zan Foundation, an organization focusing on promoting health and literacy for women in and from the Middle East, and was Scholar in Residence at the Beatrice Bain Research Group on Gender at UC Berkeley. She received her doctorate in Medical Anthropology from the University of California, Berkeley/UC San Francisco joint program.