Since Citizens United, political action committees have been popping up everywhere, ready to provide unlimited campaign funds on behalf of candidates and causes. The landscape so far has been dominated by conservative allies and issues, but Laura Ricketts is hoping to change that. Ricketts has gathered forces with other lesbians to launch LPAC, a first of its kind super PAC attempting to give lesbians more power in this year’s elections.
“Being a woman and being gay is really a unique position in our society,” Ricketts told the Washington Post. “I know in my experience of activism, oftentimes it makes a difference if something is women-focused. It’s likely to get the attention of women much more easily.”
However, the group does not intend to simply endorse lesbians, or even just female candidates. Chairwoman Sarah Schmidt said the group will endorse candidate of either party regardless of sexual orientation and even ballot initiatives, too.
“After decades of being a small subset of players in women’s rights and LGBT rights political efforts, the women of LPAC are stepping up to get organized like never before, aiming to give lesbians a real and meaningful seat at the table,” reads the LPAC site. “With significant resources behind us, LPAC plans to make a true impact for lesbians in the 2012 election cycle and beyond.”
Like This Story?
Your $10 tax-deductible contribution helps support our research, reporting, and analysis.
Voters in 42 states on Election Day will decide an assortment of ballot measures, also known as initiatives or issues, that cover various largely polarizing political issues. Voters in five states—Alaska, Arkansas, Illinois, Nebraska, and South Dakota—will decide ballot measures to increase those states’ minimum wage.
Each measure would increase the minimum wage above the federally mandated minimum wage of $7.25 per hour, but how far above that threshold and the timeline for the increases vary by state.
Illinois is the only state of the five where the ballot measure is not legally binding. The ballot measure would only advise the state legislature to take action and increase the minimum wage. The Minimum Wage Increase Question would potentially lead lawmakers to increase the minimum wage from $8.25 to $10 per hour.
Only two states, Alaska and South Dakota, include language on the ballot measures that would mandate an annual increase in the minimum wage to adjust for inflation. South Dakota is the only state in which the measure also addresses workers whose wages are made through gratuity or tips.
Each measure was placed on the ballot through a ballot initiative process, with the exception of Illinois. In order for the measures to qualify to be placed on the ballot, activists in the four states gathered and verified a total of more than 200,000 signatures.
There are organized campaigns and political action committees actively working to support the measures in each state, but there is no similar organized opposition to the minimum wage measures. While there is a partisan divide between supporters and opponents, Republican candidates for governor and U.S. Senate in both Alaska and Arkansas have voiced their support for boosting low wages.
Alaska Ballot Measure 3
In Alaska, Ballot Measure 3 would increase the state’s minimum wage from $7.75 per hour to $8.75 per hour beginning January 1. The minimum wage would be increased again to $9.75 per hour a year later. The state’s minimum wage would be adjusted for inflation or increased by $1 over the federal minimum wage—whichever is higher.
Republicans in the state house last spring introduced and passed HB 384, which would have increased the minimum wage to $9 per hour on July 1, and to $10 per hour in 2015. Even though the bill would have increased the minimum wage by more than the ballot measure, Democrats opposed it because they claimed Republicans would simply repeal the law the next year as they had done before.
Alaskan Republicans passed a bill in 2002 to mandate that the state’s minimum wage increase with inflation. That same year Democrats had successfully placed a measure on the ballot to increase the minimum wage. Once the legislation was passed, the measure was by law forced to be removed from the ballot. The next year, Republicans passed legislation to remove the inflation adjustment from the minimum wage.
When the legislative session was adjourned in April, HB 384 died in the state Senate Finance Committee.
U.S. Sen. Mark Begich (D) has come out in favor of raising the state’s minimum wage, and has also co-sponsored legislation to increase the federal minimum wage. Begich’s Republican opponent Dan Sullivan initially opposed the minimum wage increase, but later changed course to support the measure.
A Public Policy Polling poll found that 58 percent of Alaskans surveyed support the measure to increase the minimum wage.
Arkansas Issue 5
The $6.25 per hour minimum wage in Arkansas is lower than the federal minimum wage, but is superseded by federal law. Issue 5 would increase the state’s minimum wage to $7.50 per hour on January 1. It would also increase the minimum wage twice more, to $8 per hour on January 1, 2016 and to $8.50 per hour on January 1, 2017.
The ballot measure survived a court challenge, as the Arkansas Supreme Court issued a ruling Monday that it could remain on the ballot. Little Rock businessman Jackson T. Stephens challenged the measure on the grounds that the deadline to submit signatures was not met and that signatures submitted by supporters were invalid.
Pryor and other Arkansas Democrats have made increasing the minimum wage a focal point of the campaign. Pryor criticized Cotton for his lack of support for measure. Cotton, who voted against increasing the federal minimum wage, announced his support for the measure, effectively blunting Pryor’s criticism.
Nebraska Initiative 425
Nebraska’s Initiative 425 would increase the state’s hourly minimum wage to $9 per hour over two years. The minimum wage would be increased from $7.25 per hour to $8.00 per hour on January 1, and then increase to $9.00 per hour at the start of 2016.
If passed, it will be the first time the state’s minimum wage was higher than the federal minimum wage.
Opponents this fall held a press conference and outlined their opposition to Initiative 425. They claim it would increase costs for small business and do little to help the working poor. The press conference was organized by the Platte Institute for Economic Research, a conservative think tank headquartered in Omaha that promotes right-wing economic policies.
Measure 18 would increase the minimum wage in South Dakota from $7.25 to $8.50 per hour beginning January 1. It would also mandate an increase in the minimum wage each year to adjust for inflation. Workers who earn wages through tips would also see a wage increase, as the measure would increase their hourly pay from $2.13 to $4.25 per hour.
One in six employed South Dakota workers would likely see an increase in their wages if the minimum wage were raised, according to an analysis by the South Dakota Budget and Policy Institute. The analysis also found that one in seven children in the state have at least one parent that would be affected by the minimum wage increase.
“Fears of negative economic impacts have proved exaggerated in the past when the minimum wage was increased,” the newspaper’s editorial board wrote.
Measure 18 appears to have significant support from South Dakota voters, as 60 percent of likely voters said they support the minimum wage increase, according to a recent SurveyUSA poll. Twenty-eight percent oppose the increase and 13 percent are undecided.
The defeat of Democratic Senator Russ Feingold at the hands of Republican Ron Johnson in 2010 was one of the biggest political surprises to hit Wisconsin in years. The next biggest? Whether former governor and Secretary of Health and Human Services Tommy Thompson could win in a four way primary.
Thompson will go on to face Democratic Rep. Tammy Baldwin in the November general election. The victor in that race is likely to be linked to successful presidential candidate in the state, and a sign of whether or not Wisconsin Congressman Paul Ryan’s coattails were strong enough to bring out the GOP for Romney.
Although four Republicans were running, the real race has turned into a three-way between former Secretary of Health and Human Services Tommy Thompson, former Congressman Mark Neumann, and businessman Eric Hovde. The race was originally believed to be a fight between Thompson and Neumann, and a classic “establishment v. Tea Party” narrative, until a last minute surge by Hovde, who has also been garnering Tea Party support, and has used his mostly self-funded campaign to attack Thompson.
Regardless of who won the nomination, Baldwin’s campaign was taking nothing for granted. Yesterday they announced that she is the first politician to be endorsed by LPAC, the country’s first lesbian super PAC.
“Tomorrow morning, Tammy will have a challenger, who will be able to spend 100% of his energy attacking her. Secret groups funded by the Koch brothers, the US Chamber of Commerce, and Karl Rove have already spent millions of dollars attacking Tammy. Because she stands up for women. Because she believes in economic justice. Because she’s a lesbian.”
Baldwin was unconcerned about who gets the final nod. “Whoever emerges from the bitter GOP primary battle tomorrow, I’ll be ready,” the congresswoman stated via twitter.
Ready she was. Within moments of the race being called for Thompson, Baldwin released the following statement tying him to the GOP and especially the reactionary “Ryan Budget” being touted by the likely vice presidential nominee.
Tommy Thompson supports the policies of the past. Policies that have failed. Policies from the past that crashed our economy, and got us into our fiscal mess in the first place. He believes we should slash the very investments we need to move our economy forward, in education, innovation, and infrastructure — all while cutting taxes for those at the very top.
Tommy Thompson would actually cut taxes for millionaires like himself while increasing taxes on the middle class, increasing out-of-pocket health care costs for seniors, increasing the cost of higher education for students and their families, and ending Medicare as we know it for future generations.
That is not the America we believe in and it is not the Wisconsin we believe in. I believe that path is wrong for Wisconsin, wrong for our nation, and that we need to do what’s right for the middle class.”
Thompson and Baldwin are facing off to replace Democratic Senator Herb Kohl, who is retiring at the end of the year, and is part of the equation in which party holds the Senate in the fall.