Boobs at Work

GWMCHstudents

Where do you store your lunch? The refrigerator is the hot spot at my office around lunchtime. However, an infant being breastfeed doesn't store their lunch in the fridge. Their mother produces the meal. Ensuring that the meal is able to get to the infant, we need to support breastfeeding in the work place.

I doubt that the general public, prior to about a year ago, ever put much thought into lactation rooms, breast pumps, or toting breast milk in coolers. Searching the internet to find herbal supplements to increase milk supply, taking lunch breaks to find breast pump parts that were left behind in the dishwasher on sterilize, or making quick trips to the bathroom in the middle of a meeting to change breast pads because of leaking are all part of the daily life of a working mother. Breastfeeding is part of the Healthy People 2010 and Healthy People 2020 initiatives and yet, we haven’t considered the difficulties the working mother encounters on a day to day basis. The mother that works retail and only gets a few weeks of maternity leave is back at work before her milk supply has been fully established finds herself supplementing with formula as a compromise for a paycheck. How do we overcome barriers such as these?

Breast milk contains the necessary nutrients for infants in the first few months of life. Beginning with the antibodies found in colostrum, breastfed babies are protected from numerous health problems. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services enumerates many of these health benefits including fewer ear infections, stomach viruses, respiratory infections, asthma, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, sudden infant death syndrome, and obesity. Human milk is also more easily digested than formula which results in less colic, gas, and spitting up, and has also been shown to reduce food allergies. Infant formula is the scientific food alternative which strives to imitate human breast milk. Babies can do well on a formula diet and lead healthy lives however, breast milk contains at least 100; some sources say up to 400, ingredients not found in formula including 4 unique proteins and antibodies that cannot be artificially manufactured. Formula also does not match the chemical ratios found in mother’s milk, containing different amounts of fat, sugar, hormones, and proteins. The growing trend of formula feeding threatens the health of our expanding American populace. It is important to begin using a natural approach to infant feeding early in a newborns life. And by providing working women the space, privacy, and modality to express breast milk in a comfortable and sanitary location mothers can continue providing their infants with breast milk even after returning to work.

The care and nurture of an infant can be a stressful time in a mother’s life. Breastfeeding allows a mother to take some quiet time with her baby, helping them bond physically and emotionally. If a mother is unable to find a comfortable and relaxed place to express while at work it adds unnecessary stress and can dramatically affect their milk supply. Women are continuing to gain rights to breastfeed, however finding a comfortable, sanitary, welcoming place while at work continues to be difficult. To become an easily implemented modality for infant health, breastfeeding needs to be socially acceptable, and well supported both in public and in the workplace.

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The Breastfeeding Promotion Act protects breastfeeding mothers from discrimination in the workplace, requires large employers to provide the time and private space moms need to express milk, and provides for tax incentives for employers that establish private lactation areas in the workplace. Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney is quoted as saying, “‘The Breastfeeding Promotion Act’ recognizes both scientific fact and the way Americans live now: human milk is the best nutrient for new babies– and most mothers have to go back to work during a child’s first year, when breastfeeding is most important.” Americans are now beginning to recognize the importance of breastfeeding for the health of our nation and the realities of a women’s life in society today. We need to continue to work to help break down barriers to make breastfeeding a reality for every working mother.

 

 

Posted by: Madeline Arkin

News Sexual Health

Average Penis Is Less Than Six Inches Long, Study Finds

Martha Kempner

Don't believe the hype. A new study finds the average penis is only 5.6 inches when erect.

A new study published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine has found that most men are not endowed like Dirk Diggler from Boogie Nights. In fact, most men have a penis that measures less than six inches long when erect.

The study, led by Indiana University researcher Debby Herbenick, surveyed 1,661 men, each of whom was asked to measure both the length and girth of his penis when erect. Men were also asked to tell the researchers how they attained the erection.

The largest penis in the survey measured in at 10.2 inches, while the smallest was 1.6 inches. Most men fell firmly in between, with the average penis measuring 5.6 inches in length and 4.8 inches in girth. The researchers found that characteristics such as race or sexual orientation were not good predictors of penis size.

However, men who reported attaining their erection through oral sex were on average larger than men who were alone when they became erect. Herbenick told LiveScience, “We don’t know if that means that when men have oral sex that it’s more arousing and they get a bigger erection, or means that men who have bigger penises could be getting more oral sex in the first place.”

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The data was collected as part of an earlier study comparing men’s use of a standard-sized condoms to the use of condoms specifically sized to fit their erect penis. Herbenick explained the results of that study to Rewire, saying, “We found that both standard and fitted condoms were comfortable for most men, and that some men on either end of the size continuum preferred condoms fitted to the size of their erect penis. Currently, ‘fitted’ condoms are no longer on the U.S. market. However, there’s a wider-than-ever range of condoms that are safe, effective, and pleasurable and that are available for men and their partners to choose from.”

News Sexual Health

Teen Birth Rate Hits Lowest Point Since 1946

Martha Kempner

Today, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released the latest teen birth rates which found that fewer babies were born to teen mothers in 2010 than in any year since 1946. 

The positive news just keeps coming. In February we reported on the latest teen pregnancy rates which were the lowest in nearly 40 years and showed a 42 percent decrease from their peak in 1990. Today, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released the latest teen birth rates which found that fewer babies were born to teen mothers in 2010 than in any year since 1946. In 2010 there were 367,752 babies born to teens compared to 409,802 in 2009.

The 2010 birth rates was 34.3 births per 1,000 young women ages 15 to 19 which represents a nine percent drop from just the year before and a 44 percent drop since 1991 when birth rates were at their highest (61.8 per 1,000 young women). The CDC’s report calculated that if that high rate had continued, there would have been about 3.4 million additional births to teenagers between 1992 and 2010.

The teen birth rate dropped across all racial and ethnic groups but still varies widely by race; Hispanics have the highest teenage birth rates at 55.7 births per 1,000 teens in the age group, followed by black teens at 51.5 per 1,000. Asian teens have the lowest teenage birth rate with 10.9 per 1,000.

In addition, teen birth rates fell since 2007 in all states except Montana, North Dakota, and West Virginia.  Still, birth rates vary widely among different groups of states; Mississippi has the highest teen birth rate at 55 per 1,000 girls 15 to 19 years of age, New Mexico’s rate is 53, and Arkansas is 52.5.  New Hampshire has the lowest birth rate at about 16 per 1,000 women with Massachusetts and Vermont following right behind.

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Though this study does not explain why the teen birth rate has dropped so significantly, previous research suggests that a combination of less teen sexual activity, more contraceptive use, and use of more effective contraceptive methods is responsible for this positive trend.

Of course, the United States still has a long way to go if we want to catch up with other industrialized nations which have far lower teen birth rates. Lithuania, for example, has a rate of 16 births per 1,000 young women 15 to 19 and Canada has only 14 births per 1,000.