A version of the anti-abortion initiative soundly defeated by Colorado voters in 2008 is making its way to the 2010 ballot, this time reworked as an “egg-as-a-person” initiative.
This new version would move the legal definition of a person further
back into the reproductive cycle, granting cells the full spectrum of
citizen rights. Opposition groups, including Colorado genetic and
fertilization researchers, say the law would have spiraling
consequences, that it would put women at risk and freeze current work
in medicine and reproduction.
Colorado Right to Life and Personhood USA, the groups behind proposed Initiative 25,
are undeterred by the fact that Coloradans voted against the test-run
amendment last year by a margin of three to one. The new amendment is
even farther reaching, moving the initial marker for the beginning of
life from “fertilization” to “the beginning of the biological
development of a human being.”
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Personhood Colorado Director and the initiative proponent Gualberto Garcia Jones
told The Colorado Independent that the change was made “to be more
comprehensive in our definition of a person” and was not done to make
it more appealing to voters.
“It’s intended to account for human beings who may be created
through asexual reproduction in laboratories and used as raw material
for research, organs, or stem cells. Fertilization would not have
properly applied to asexually reproduced humans, but even asexually
reproduced human beings have a definite biological beginning,” Jones
“Over half-a-million Coloradans voted for the personhood initiative
in 2008,” Jones said in a press conference announcing the campaign.
“Their votes acknowledging the God-given right to life of the pre-born
revolutionizes the pro-life movement and encourage us toward victory. ”
Johnathan Van Blerkom, professor of molecular, cellular and developmental biology at the University of Colorado
in Boulder, said if the personhood initiative were passed and upheld,
it would have negative consequences for those not only involved in
embryonic stem cell research but also for individuals looking to
participate in in-vitro fertilization programs.
“To begin with [embryonic] stem cell research would stop,” Van
Blerkom said. “There would be no research in genetics in the causes of
the origins congenital diseases that occur in humans, how to fix them,
how to protect them early.”
“You would find in this state, myself included, that embryo research
would freeze. If there were criminal penalties or you were lumped
together with abortionists for looking at embryos that are discarded
because they are abnormal and you want to know why they are abnormal …
no one is going to do it.”
Van Blerkom who works at a fertilization clinic as well, said that
in-vitro fertilization would likely end in the state. He explained that
the very process of fertilization can kill the embryo if more than one
sperm gets into the egg. He said legal liability would loom over all
“It’s criminal liability. So would any program want to freeze an
embryo in the state of Colorado? If the embryos die, as they frequently
do when they are thawed, is that your responsibility? Is it an act of
God? An act of science?”
“The new initiative has the same goal [as Amendment 48], to ban all abortion even in the cases of rape, incest, or when the life of the woman is in danger.”
McCafferty said that the language is vague and misleading but the ramifications are clear. “This would have huge implications.”
The legislation would end women’s right to choose in Colorado but
would also hamper their ability to take many forms of birth control.
McCafferty said the law would create major government intrusions into
“Coloradans have said time and again that they don’t want government
or the courts in their lives when it comes making these personal
Jones frankly agreed. He said the goal of the amendment was to
provide a child in the womb with due process and equality of justice.
“If passed, the Personhood Amendment would regain the state’s right
to extend protections broader than those granted by the U.S.
Constitution, and it would help transform our current decadent culture
which currently values a person’s utility instead of their innate worth
as a human being.”
But Jones didn’t agree that the language was vague.
“We have proposed a very simple, level-headed definition of what a
person is. Namely, a person is a human being from the very beginning of
his or her biological development.”
During the 2008 debate over the personhood initiative, Jessica Berg, professor of law and bioethics at Case Western Reserve University,
told NPR that fertilized eggs in fertility clinics might need to be
counted on the census and that pregnant women presumably could use the
high-occupancy traffic lanes. There are absurdities that grow out of
this kind of thinking, she said.
“If you don’t know you’re pregnant and you drink or do something
dangerous — or you do something problematic very early on, and you’re
in Colorado or even passing through Colorado — have you committed child
abuse and endangerment?”
Asked why voters did not support the initiative in the past Jones
told The Colorado Independent that the initiative fell victim to power
“We realize that there are very large political and corporate
interests that will do everything in their power to twist this simple
proposition into ludicrous scenarios. We’ll be more aggressive this
time around in addressing those scare tactics.”
He said that with groups such as Planned Parenthood heading up a
coalition of groups to oppose the initiative — last year’s coalition
was called Protect Families, Protect Choices — the “pro-abortionists have almost unlimited funds.”
“You see, killing babies pays. Saving babies doesn’t.”
Jones said Planned Parenthood had taken in more than $1 billion in 2008.
Rewire recently reported, however, that anti-abortion rights groups are not hurting for funds.
Wendy Norris, former editor for The Colorado Independent, wrote that personhood groups have brought in almost $58 million in donations. The American Life League, an organization where Jones recently served as legislative director, has brought in more than $35 million since 2003.
Emilie Ailts, executive director of Denver-based NARAL Pro-Choice Colorado,
said that the initiatives are part of a nationwide attempt to advance
personhood legislation. She said that Personhood USA initially had
hoped to introduce legislation in 29 states but that Personhood USA now
seems ready to mount grassroots efforts in only nine states.
Aits said that the initiative would change the Colorado Constitution in 20,000 different places.
“People can not even prognosticate how once it was fully implemented
how it would affect peoples lives. It would impact so many laws.” She
said it would impact not only fertilization and stem cell research but
also access to many forms of birth control in the state.
NARAL, like Planned Parenthood and the Republican Majority for Choice banded together with the Colorado Bar Association and 90 other groups, many which do not normally deal with reproductive issues, to create Protect Families, Protect Choices, Aits said. Like last year, she expects the same groups to oppose the measure should it make its way onto the ballot.
“Everyone saw this as something so draconian in 2008 that it would
have very negative impacts on the lives of women and their families in
the state of Colorado.”
McCafferty said that while Protect Families, Protect Choices worked
diligently to oppose last years personhood initiative, it was the
Colorado voters who made the decision to reject the amendment.
Jones said he is confident his measure will pass.
“With so much money comes a lot of influence, earned and bought
media, and friends in high places. Against this, personhood only has
one thing, the truth. The amazing thing is that it is only a matter of
time before we prevail.”