Editor’s Note: This article was updated at 10:40 pm on July 14th, 2009 to reflect information provided in a Miami Herald article citing White House sources confirming Benjamin’s pro-choice perspective and her clinics commitment to referring patients in need of abortion care. See the entry at the end of the article. The title was subsequently changed to reflect this update.
A further update clarified restrictions on abortion under Alabama law.
Regina Benjamin, Obama’s pick for surgeon general, is
certainly an advocate for her patients. In 1995 the New York Times reported that one of her patients, Emile Lyons, then 79 years old, called her an angel. He was suffering from an abdominal
aneurysm and being rushed to the hospital. As he was loaded into an ambulance, he noticed a familiar face, his
family doctor. Benjamin had climbed into the ambulance to ride with
him on the 30-minute journey to the hospital in Mobile, Alabama.
Benjamin has impressive credentials for the
position of surgeon general. Her general practice clinic, Bayou La Batre,
is based in rural Alabama.
A woman who has both her M.D. and M.B.A. (the Times profile noted that she made a 250-mile round-trip commute to New Orleans twice a week
to earn her M.B.A.), she also has impressive public policy credentials. She
worked on Kaiser Family Foundation’s Commission
on Medicaid and the Uninsured, served on the American Medical Association’s
Women in Medicine Panel from 1986 to 1987, was president of the AMA’s Alabama chapter (the
first black woman) from 1997 to 1998, and has served on local and state
government health boards. She even made Time‘s
of young leaders to watch in 1994. She also is the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation "genius grant."
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But the announcement of Benjamin as the surgeon general pick
was met with silence from pro- and anti-choice groups alike, largely
because it remains unknown where, exactly, Benjamin stands on reproductive
health and rights. The White House refused to answer questions about reproductive rights
at a press
conference where they announced her nomination on Monday. She also hasn’t
worked with Planned Parenthood or the ACLU in Louisiana, and has kept her distance from
abortion-related discussions in the press.
In fact, the only statement Benjamin has made on public record
about abortion came on the heels of a debate over the American Medical
Association’s official policy on abortion at a conference in December 1996. The
AMA’s governing body voted to re-affirm the organization’s policy that the
"termination of pregnancy is a medical matter between the patient and
physician, subject to the physician’s clinical judgment, the patient’s informed
consent and the availability of appropriate facilities."
During the conference, on Dec. 10, 1996 the AMA discussed whether
they should recommend training doctors in how to perform abortions. The
organization urged doctors to learn "more than just the ethics of it,"
according to a report by the Associated Press. The report quoted Benjamin, who
was then a delegate to the AMA, as saying, "We are adopting a policy that
medical school curriculum provide the legal, ethical, and psychological
principles associated with abortion so students can learn all the factors
That is the extent of Benjamin’s known position on abortion.
Some have discussed whether her religion, practicing Catholicism, might affect
her position on this issue, but many who identify as Catholic or practice
Catholicism also identify as pro-choice. (A poll
conducted by Catholics for Choice shows that about three-quarters of Catholics
don’t believe they must endorse the views put forth by the Pope.) It’s hard to
tell whether she falls into the more traditionalist camp of Catholics or has views more in line with the majority of more progressive Catholics in the United States.
The state of Alabama,
where Benjamin has done much of her work, makes it extremely
difficult for women to obtain abortions. While the state’s climate regarding choice on its face can’t provide clues about Benjamin’s own positions, it’s worthwhile considering the reality of reproductive health access in her state. Alabama’s governor and state
legislature are both anti-choice. NARAL Pro-Choice America has determined that 93
percent of Alabama’s
counties do not have an abortion provider; this includes six of the
state’s major metropolitan areas. In fact, abortion rate for Alabama women has been
falling since the mid-1990s. The Guttmacher
that the abortion rate was 11.8 per 1000 women in Alabama in 2004, down more than 22 percent
since 1996. Alabama
has passed laws that ensure contraception for low-income women through
Elizabeth Nash, a public policy associate at Guttmacher,
notes that laws in Alabama are extremely restrictive on abortion.
Guttmacher Policy Brief on Alabama indicates that the following restrictions on abortion care were in effect as of January 2008:
- The parent of a minor must consent before an abortion is provided.
- A woman must receive state-directed counseling that includes
information designed to discourage her from having an abortion and then
wait 24 hours before the procedure is provided.
- Public funding is available for abortion only in cases of life endangerment, rape or incest.
will only pay for abortions under Medicaid in cases of rape, risk to the
mother’s life, or incest; women who choose abortions must have an ultrasound
performed with an option to view it. The state also allows the sale of the infamous "choose life" license plates.
But despite the fact that Benjamin has remained largely
silent on abortion rights, she certainly advocates for women who are uninsured.
According to the results from the Kaiser Commission on the Uninsured to which Benjamin was a consultant, 41 percent of poor women (those at or below the federal
poverty line) are uninsured. Of women that qualify as near poor (below 200
percent of the poverty line and excluding those under it) 31 percent are
Current president of the Medical Association of the State of
Alabama Dr. Jorge Alsip
has been a colleague of Benjamin’s in various capacities, including
occasionally running into her at church, for more than 15 years. He noted that
while she doesn’t work specifically on women’s issues, she has worked on
insuring access to underserved areas. "Her clinic’s certainly providing care to
an underserved community. A lot of times that falls onto women … so she’s
supporting them in that way," Alsip said.
"Just knowing her and knowing her practice, I think providing health care
coverage to the uninsured is going to be at the top of her list, [as well as]
eliminating health care disparities and trying to get health care to the
It’s certain that, if done right, health care reform will in a broader sense be a win for women. Still, reproductive rights and
access to reproductive health services have not been significant parts of the debate over health care reform.
In many ways, what Obama is doing with a pick like Benjamin is side-stepping
reproductive issues. She is an outstanding candidate with an impressive resume,
free of any reference to pro-choice groups. By choosing a woman who rebuilt her rural
clinic three times after it was destroyed by hurricanes and fire, pursued a
medical degree despite never encountering a black doctor before college and became a
strong advocate for the uninsured in rural areas, Obama has offered a candidate that
may be difficult to criticize. And in what may be a political bonus for Obama, she also has managed to
largely avoid the abortion question in the public sphere. This might be good
for the Obama administration, which doesn’t want to get bogged down in debates
over abortion at the cost of reforming health care, but it does little to
improve access to reproductive health services more broadly or abortion care more specifically for women in Alabama….or nationwide.
UPDATE 7-14-09, 10:40 PM:
Regina Benjamin’s Bayou La Batre Rural Health Clinic doesn’t perform
abortions. A clinic employee who declined to be identified said by
telephone that patients seeking information about abortions would be
referred to providers in the state.
But White House spokesman Reid Cherlin said Benjamin "supports the president’s position on reproductive health issues."
Obama supports abortion rights and public funding of contraception and sex education.
continued: "Like him she believes that this is an issue where it is
important to try and seek common ground and come together to try and
reduce the number of unintended pregnancies. As a physician, she is
deeply committed to the philosophy of putting her patients’ needs first
when it comes to providing care."
Benjamin also was a board
member of Physicians for Human Rights, an international group that has
advocated access to safe abortions in its investigation of human rights
conditions in some countries.