feel like at my age (16), it is so young to have sex. If I were to be
dating someone right now, so many things would scare me, that I would
choose not to have sex. The chance of an STI, pregnancy, not being good
enough for my partner, having my parents find out, and so many more
things. I’m scared that during sex, that I wont know what to do and I’m
just not comfortable with my body. Most of my friends are having sex
and they say they like it, but the fact is, that I’m terrified.
Everything about sex scares me. I’m worried about my body, what my
partner will tell his friends, the rumors that will get around school,
being inexperienced, and I’m scared it will hurt for the first time. I
don’t want to be seen as up tight for not wanting to have sex, and I
know I don’t mind having sex before marriage, but I was just wondering
about moving past my fears and letting go. So, if you have any ideas, I
would love to hear back from you.
For some people, in some situations, sixteen is young to have sex. For some, it is too young. For others, it doesn’t feel that way to them or isn’t that way.
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Age-in-years, all by itself, doesn’t tend to be a good marker of
when someone is or is not ready for sex, or when sex will or will not
be positive or negative for someone.
You bring up a whole lot of facets of sexuality which absolutely are
heavy things to risk or shoulder, and which not everyone wants or is
ready for all of the time, whether they’re 16 or 36. Readiness for
sexual partnership tends to be something a lot of people (especially
younger people) think about as something that happens just once: once
we’re ready the first time, we’re ready ever-after. But that isn’t
accurate or realistic. Any time that we’re going to enter into any kind
of sexual partnership we’re going to determine our readiness at that
time, and we won’t always be ready to — or want to — manage all we
need to with sex, even if we have been ready and willing at other
times. And whether or not we want to be sexually active and are ready
to be is just far more complex than how old we are or what bad things
can happen. Sometimes the possible benefits of sex are going to outweigh the risks: other times the risks may be greater than what benefits sex may offer us.
While I don’t think you need to feel like it’s not okay for you to
feel now isn’t the right for you to have sex, nor do I think you not
wanting to be sexually active now (or at any time) means you are
uptight — I’ll say more on this in a bit — I also see no need for you
to feel so afraid. Ideally, I feel the best choices anyone makes around
sex aren’t going to be based in fear. Whether we’re talking about sex
or about where we choose to live, how we choose to love, what job we
choose to take, we know that when people make choices out of fear, they
don’t usually tend to be the best choices.
Let’s start by addressing some of the things you’re afraid of so
that whatever choices you make are choices made from a place of
knowledge, comfort and confidence instead.
The risks of sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy from
partnered sexual activity are absolutely a very big deal. Sometimes we
are just not going to want to take any of those risks at all. Other
times, we might feel comfortable taking those risks, especially when we
do things to minimize them, and when the positives sex has or may have
to offer us make the risks worth it. I hope you know that at whatever
point you do feel you want to be sexually active, you do have sound
ways to manage those risks. With pregnancy, you can choose, if you
like, only to engage in sexual activities which don’t pose a risk of pregnancy at all, or, if you want to do things like intercourse with a male partner, you can elect to minimize that risk by using reliable methods of birth control.
Some methods, when used perfectly or in combination with one another,
are over 99% effective, which is a lot of protection and makes that
risk exceptionally small.
- You can find out some more about what does and doesn’t present pregnancy risks here: What’s the Risk? Easy Pregnancy Risk Assessments, and how pregnancy happens here: Where DID I Come From? A Refresher Course in Human Reproduction. You might also find it helpful to learn more about fertility here: Get With the Flow: All About FAM
When it comes to sexually transmitted infections, again, you always
have the option of avoiding sex which poses those risks — namely, that
would be about not having oral, vaginal or anal sex. Or, you and a
partner can choose to protect yourself with sound safer sex practices.
When couples follow safer sex practices to the letter, the risk of most
STIs is very small: why STIs are so widespread is primarily because so
many people don’t use those practices, use them consistently, or use
all of them, rather than only some. For instance, someone may use
condoms, but not for all activity, or ditch them too early in a
relationship. Someone may get tested, but not use condoms, and not
require partners to be tested. Age can influence both contraception and
safer sex practice when it comes to what access a person has to them:
for some younger people, access to sexual health services and birth
control is something limited by their age, or the resources they do or
don’t have available at their age. For others age isn’t a barrier.
- For more information on what activities can pose risks of sexually transmitted infections, check this out: STI Risk Assessment: The Cliff’s Notes
You voice some fears about potential partners. Sexual partnership
differs a lot depending on who we are, who we’re with, and where we are
at with ourselves at a given time. For instance, a fear of not being
good enough for a partner, or worries about a partner telling others
private things about us may be a huge fear or one that’s totally
nonexistent depending on our own esteem at a given time as well as what
things are like with the partner at hand. You’re right in that concern:
some potential sexual partners can’t be trusted to keep private things
private, and also may not be people with whom you feel comfortable in
your body or comfortable being sexual with. As with contraception and
sexual health, some of that can be about age, because age does
tend to have something to do with our maturity. Not every potential
partner is going to have the maturity needed for a healthy sexual
relationship you feel safe in, and not every peer group is going to
have the maturity to deal well with members of that group being
sexually active. In both of those things, it can be more likely to be
an issue with younger people than older ones, but not always. There are
plenty of 40-year-olds out there, alas, who still don’t have that
maturity. But some partners and peer groups do, be it at 17 or 47, and
you’re only going to get a sense of who does and does not by getting to
know them over time and through talking about, and making agreements
around, these issues with them.
Know that sex doesn’t tend to be something a given person is or
isn’t good at, in part because sex isn’t something we do the same way
with every partner, on every day, and during every time in our lives.
We learn how to be "good" at sex through time we spend with our own
sexuality, in our own bodies, and with a given partner. Over time, the
sex we have will tend to have a lot of uniqueness based on all of that.
We learn what to do by experimenting with each other and communicating
with each other. And a whole lot of what makes a good partner aren’t
the kinds of things you might think. Being good at sex isn’t about
being able to do this thing or that with your tongue or being a
contortionist. Good, open communication and listening skills,
creativity and imagination, the sheer desire to really connect sexually
and a willingness to make an arse of oneself often tend to be what
we’ll tend to find in our lives our best lovers have had.
- Some articles we have which might help you with these issues are Be a Blabbermouth! The Whats, Whys and Hows of Talking About Sex With a Partner, Reciprocity, Reloaded and Safer Sex…for Your Heart
Too, something one partner loves may leave another flat, and
something that feels great to you at one time or with one partner may
feel totally different with someone else or at another time. In so many
ways, any time any of us has a new partner, it’s kind of like the first
time all over again, just because we’re all so different in what we
like and don’t like, do and don’t want to do, and what does and doesn’t
feel right or authentic in a given partnership. With a brand new
partner, we are ALL inexperienced. A lot of people do worry about their
sexual skills and performance, but when we recognize it isn’t
performance at all, nor is it about any one-way we can get right or
wrong, but something we create and build with someone or for ourselves
— and when we have sexual experiences that make it obvious — that
worry gets relatively easy to let go of. And if that doesn’t work, at
some point in your life you’re likely to have completely amazing sex
based on something someone did on accident or which initially seemed
totally silly or clumsy and that should nip that in the bud.
You say you have concerns about pain. I’m assuming you’re talking
about intercourse, but know that whether we’re talking about that or
other kinds of sex, sex doesn’t have to be painful and often isn’t.
It’s usually pleasurable, which is a big reason why most people do it.
Certainly, some women (or men) do experience pain sometimes with sex,
but that’s usually due to injury, and like any other kind of injury,
sexual injury is something we can often prevent. With first
intercourse, some big reasons for pain are things like nervousness or
fear, lack of enough arousal on the women’s part first, lack of enough
lubrication, or sexual partners who are too hasty, rough or
unattentive. Those things are mostly within your control, and one way
of controlling them is holding off on intercourse until you spend time
doing things like getting to know your own body and sexuality by
yourself through masturbation and evaluating your feelings, having
things you need like lubricants, and only choosing to do that with a
partner you have found out — through other sexual activities, through
talking, through experiencing in other aspects of your relationship —
is likely to be the kind of partner who very much wants to help you to
avoid pain and pursue shared, mutual pleasure.
- From OW! to WOW! Demystifying Painful Intercourse and Yield for Pleasure
address these concerns well. Some of avoiding pain — and seeking out
pleasure and comfort, as well as feeling good about sex with someone —
also has to do with understanding and being comfortable with your own
body, so you might find Pink Parts – Female Sexual Anatomy and these two advice answers of use.
Per the worries about parents finding out, I’m a fan of ideally
choosing not to have sex until we are in a situation where the world
would not come crashing down if our sexual activity was discovered by
parents or anyone else. For some people, that can mean honesty with
parents, communication with them, negotiations with them, to get to a
place where they do have parental support in having a sex life.
Obviously, that’s not an option for everyone: not everyone’s parents
are going to be supportive about sex, whether that’s about age, marital
status, sexual orientation or something else. If and when a person
feels like or knows that parental discovery about sex would present
dangers to them or others, or a level of conflict they just don’t want,
my advice is to hold off on sex until that person has a level of
autonomy from their parents — such as no longer living with them and
being financially dependent on them — that doesn’t make parental
discovery or disapproval earth-shattering.
Hopefully, all of that information and address made you feel at least a little bit better and a lot less scared.
It sounds to me like you’re feeling that because most of your
friends report enjoying sex (which may or may not be accurate:
self-reporting about sex tends to be very inaccurate, something sex
researchers struggle with a lot in their work) and feeling ready like
something is wrong with you not feeling that same way. But it’s not. I
also don’t think you have to see your worries and fears right now as a
problem you have to solve: it is totally okay not to feel ready or to
want to open yourself up to certain risks, especially when it’s so
abstract and you aren’t in a relationship — with another person, as
well as with yourself — where you are seeing more pros than cons.
I’m concerned that you’re feeling like the place that you’re at
means you, as compared to your friends, are immature. Having sex or
being willing to have sex doesn’t tell us anything about someone’s
maturity. By all means, how someone conducts their sex life and their sexual relationships can, but just having sex? Nah.
I used to have a pet rabbit, and he’d hump anything that moved. I
loved that bunny like nobody’s business, but he was not the sharpest
tack in the box, and his sexual urge and desire to enact that urge did
not make him Mr. Mature. It just made him a critter with a strong urge
and no understanding of why he shouldn’t pursue that urge (of course,
there was no reason he shouldn’t especially since my shoe was not going
to wind up pregnant). As was the case for rabbits like Moe, so it is
with people: the urge for sex and enacting that urge alone tells us
squat about maturity.
In my mind, a better mark of maturity when it comes to sex is when
the choices about sex a person makes are based on what that person
evaluates mindfully, compassionately and strongly feels are best for
them and whomever else those choices involve or may impact.
When I set your fears aside, what I hear from you is a thoughtful
evaluation of how you feel and what you do and don’t want right now. I
hear that you know for yourself that right now is too young for you to
have sex or to feel comfortable exploring your sexuality with someone
else. You’re choosing not to have sex right now because you know it’s
not in alignment with your wants and needs and not likely to feel safe
for you at this time. That’s maturity to me. If your friends have put
the same thought into their own self-evaluations about sex and come to
the conclusion that sex with a partner IS right for them, and are
conducting their sex lives in a way that’s in alignment with their
wants and needs, and is safe for them, that’s maturity, too. You and
they may be making different choices, but it’s not the choice you make
that tells us about your or their maturity, but the way it is made and
None of us are likely to feel totally comfortable with the idea of
sex in the abstract. I like having sex a lot, am clearly very
comfortable with the subject of sex, and feel I’m very capable of
managing it well. But I’m not going to feel that way about it with just
any random person or in any random situation: I have to know that
person, know that situation, and consider my readiness through that
very specific lens, every single time I consider having sex.
You’re not dating someone right now, so you do not have to think
about any of this if you don’t want to, nor feel any need to somehow
get and feel ready right now. You certainly can spend more time
educating yourself about the benefits and the risks, how a person can
manage both, and if you do feel very uncomfortable in your own skin, do
some work on your own self-esteem and body image, which is likely to
benefit you whether you’re sexually active or not. You can obviously
also give some thought — though it sounds like you already have — to
what kinds of things you feel like you, independently, do and don’t
want to deal with right now. Then, if and when you do
meet someone you have feelings for, and who you do get to know, start
to date, and get to a point in the relationship where one or both of
you is interested in pursuing sexual activity, at that time considering
all of this is bound to feel a lot better and also be something you’ll
probably have a lot more clarity about. You can bring any of these
feelings and concerns to the table with that person at whatever point
you feel is best and construct relationships which best fit what you do
and do not want or feel ready for. If that means you want to date but
want to choose not to have sex, you get to do that.
I want you to be able to walk away from this knowing that you aren’t
a problem that needs fixing, and aren’t somehow unliberated because of
your concerns or because sex isn’t right for you right now. That’s a
big bunch of hooey. Anyone who might think where you are at right now
means you are uptight is either a dope, projecting their own
insecurities unto you, or someone who probably wants something from you
that’s totally about them, and not at all about you. There isn’t a
thing wrong with you for being in the place you’re at now.
I know I’ve given you a lot of information already, but if you’re
still hungry for more, I have a few more links I think might leave you
in a better place than you were at the start. I very much hope that all
of this has helped you feel a lot better, both in terms of your fears,
but also when it comes to your own ability to feel good about, and
confident in, making sexual choices based not on friends or worries
about how you will be perceived by others, but in what you think and
know is best for you and in the most alignment with your own very
unique — as all of ours are — wants, needs and goals.